Rechargeable batteries save us a lot of money but take a lot of time. What if you could recharge a battery in seconds instead of hours?
Rechargeable batteries save us a lot of money these days but for the savings, we give up some of our time, waiting for them to recharge. What if though. What if there was a rechargeable battery that took seconds to recharge instead of hours? That is exactly what I’ve invented and I need your help to bring this to the masses and show the world that we no longer need to waste hours of or lives waiting for a battery to charge.
With the leaps and bounds being made today with capacitors, they’ve gone from being able to store a tiny potential of energy to now, being able to store enough energy to be considered a power source. These high Farad capacitors are known as super capacitors and aside from providing electricity for an extended period of time, they can also be charged very quickly. Recently, there’s been another development, combining the technology of super capacitors with lithium ion batteries. The usually downside to super capacitors from batteries is that they don’t provide electricity for nearly as long. However, with the advent of the lithium ion capacitor, that is quickly changing.
30 Second Charging, Rechargeable Battery - [Link]
by Steve Taranovich @ www.edn.com:
Freescale Semiconductor introduced the MM9Z1J638, AEC-Q100 qualified intelligent battery sensors with three measurement channels, a 16/32-bit MCU and a CAN protocol module in one 7 x 7 mm 48-pin QFN package.
The market this product serves is quite diversified with 12 V lead acid batteries, 14 V Li-Ion batteries, Lead acid multi-batteries, HV battery junction box, Energy Storage Systems (ESS), Uninterrupted Power Systems (UPS) and industrial automation.
Today’s trends in the battery market include complex battery algorithms, higher communication data rates with the CAN bus, better safety for Li-Ion batteries and increased mission-critical dependence on energy availability.
Start-stop requirements, together with others such as regenerative braking and intelligent alternator control, are driving demand for more precise sensing of the battery’s state to provide early failure warnings.
Intelligent battery sensor for automotive and industrial - [Link]
By Darren Quick @ gizmag.com:
Conventional lithium-ion batteries rely on anodes made of graphite, but it is widely believed that the performance of this material has reached its zenith, prompting researchers to look at possible replacements. Much of the focus has been on nanoscale silicon, but it remains difficult to produce in large quantities and usually degrades quickly. Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have overcome these problems by developing a lithium-ion battery anode using sand.
Sand-based anode triples lithium-ion battery performance - [Link]
by Graham Prophet @ edn.com:
STMicroelectronics has announced limited production of its EnFilm advanced rechargeable batteries that are less than 0.25 mm thick. These paper-thin batteries free designers from the constraints of standard battery sizes for personal technology and Internet of Things (IoT) devices.
At 220µm thick and measuring 25.7 x 25.7 mm, ST’s EFL700A39 EnFilm solid-state lithium thin-film battery is suited for use in ultra-low-profile devices. Surface-mount terminals allow direct attachment to the circuit board, which simplifies assembly and eliminates wires and connectors. Optional tape-and-reel packaging allows high-speed automated placement.
EnFilm – rechargeable solid state lithium thin film battery - [Link]
By Sean Michael Ragan:
The Joule Thief (Wikipedia) is a well-known “instant gratification” hobby circuit that uses just a handful of components to pull off a pretty impressive parlor trick — using a single 1.5V battery, the Joule Thief can light a high-voltage blue or white LED that normally requires 3.5V or greater to turn on. Even more impressive, it can do so using a battery that is so drained of energy as to be counted “dead” for almost all other purposes. I have not measured this value myself, but it is commonly claimed that a Joule Thief can light a white LED from a battery with an open-circuit voltage as low as 0.6.
Bring “dead” batteries back to life with a toroid and the Joule Thief circuit. - [Link]
1,6V rechargeable batteries experience “rebirth” and bring several advantages in comparison to 1,2V NiCd accumulators
Experts in electrotechnics might say, that these are a long-time known batteries invented already by Edison thus being no novelty at all. That´s true but in contrast to older tyes is in technological advance of electrolyte and electrodes so as to reach a substantially higher lifetime that few decades ago.
So what´s interesting about these rechargeable batteries? By one sentence, NiZn cell has an output voltage of approx. 1.65V, what´s about 0.4V more than NiMH/ NiCd cells.
At the same time they´re able to provide a high current, similarly like NiCd/ NiMH cells, that´s why they´re also usable in devices with high current demands (conductivity of Zinc is about 15% than Cd). NiZn cells are easily recyclable and they´re very environmentally friendly. Another benefits:
- energy density of NiZn cells is about a third higher than that of NiCd cells (Wh/kg and also Wh/liter).
- higher voltage (1,6-1,8V) enables to reach a higher voltage of „battery-packs“ with a lower count of cells
- lifetime is comparable with NiCd cells
- no memory effect, trouble-free recharge to 100%
- flat discharging characteristics, average voltage aprox. 1,6-1,7V
It is recommended to recharge NiZn cells by C/4 to 1C current (i.e. for example 500 mA to 2000 mA for a 2000mAh cell) while observing a max. voltage of 1.9V/ cell. It´s not recommended to leave cells at a so called “trickle charging” as overcharging might decrease lifetime of cells. Naturally, like in case of almost all rechargeable batteries, the highest lifetime can be reached at operation on a partial discharge (not to a deep discharge). It´s worth to say, that NiZn are not an ideal replacement into devices with a very small power consumption ( e-g- remote controllers), where still win primary alkaline cells.
In our offer can be found NiZn cells themselves: 4AA2500mWh1.6V BP4 and 4AAA900mWh1.6V BP4 as well as a set – charger + cells (4xAA+4xAAA) NizN Charger + Accu. This charger charges by 500 mA current (AA/AAA) and monitors each slot individually. During recharging a LED at agiven slot blinks slowly (1x/s) and after finishing of recharge it shines continuously. In case of a faulty cell it blinks quickly (4x/s).
NiZn rechargeable batteries – when Nickel and Zinc create a strong pair - [Link]
By Colin Jeffrey:
We literally live in a wired world, with wires snaking hither and yon transmitting electricity and data. Many are visible, while many more are hidden in the walls of buildings, the panels of cars, and the fuselage of aircraft. Now, imagine; what if we were able to turn each and every one of these into a battery that not only transmitted electricity but stored it too? Well, two researchers from the University of Central Florida (UCF) imagined that too, and came up with a way to use nano-technology to make wires with supercapacitance that may eventually also double as batteries.
Researchers create flexible wires that could double as batteries - [Link]
Tutorial – MicroLipo and MiniLipo Battery Chargers @ The Adafruit Learning System.
Sooner or later you’ll need to cut the cord…the power cord! Untether your electronic project from the tyranny of the wall adapter and take it out into the world. That’s where batteries come in, and you may have been seduced by the high power density, large current capabilites and recharge-ability of Lithium Polymer or Lithium Ion batteries. These battery chemistries have quickly become the most popular rechargeable batteries in consumer products, powering everything from keychain mp3 players to huge laptops.
Tutorial – MicroLipo and MiniLipo Battery Chargers - [Link]
LiPo Booster –
LiPo Booster is a breadboard-friendly boost converter board based on the TPS61230 IC from Texas Instrument. It has an output voltage of 5V, and is designed to be used with a single cell LiPo battery.
For normal and half size breadboards, the LiPo Booster can be plugged into the power rails without blocking the vertical 5-pin strips. It can also be used with a tiny breadboard or breadboard of any sizes as shown below.
LiPo Booster - [Link]
A startup Japanese company called Power Japan Plus have announced a new type of rechargeable battery which they claim is a significant improvement compared to LiIon batteries. The battery was developed at the department of applied chemistry at the Kyushu University in Japan.
The press release suggests that vehicles equipped with the battery would have a 300 mile range, indicating a better energy density than LiIon batteries. They also claim that the battery can be recharged twenty times faster than LiIon and can be cycled more than 3000 times without loss of capacity.
If that doesn’t tick enough boxes they also go on to say that the battery does not produce any significant temperature rise during operation so there is no need for additional cooling and no risk of thermal runaway. Details of the design are sketchy but they state that the only active material used in the battery is carbon, making it cheap to manufacture. The battery is described as using an organic electrolyte where positively charged lithium ions flow to the anode and negatively charged anions flow to the cathode, which would suggest other elements are also at play. The design is said to be 100 % recyclable. Power Japan Plus are currently focussing their research on a new type of carbon-complex battery made entirely from organic carbon.
Is Dual Carbon the Way Forward? - [Link]