This Design Idea describes a simple two-chip CMOS circuit that can sort capacitors into 20 bins over a wide range (100pF to 1μF), using 10 LEDs to display the value range. The circuit is power efficient and can be run using two CR2032 cells. As such, it can be built into a handheld probe. by Raju Baddi
Simple capacitance meter bins parts – [Link]
Dual color (4 line x 3 column) led, 12 white and 12 blue are intermittently switched controlled by two NPN transistors BC337. The speed and duty/cycle timing of lighting duration is determined by NE555 oscilator. The number of repetition of sequential lighting of each group of led is determined by 5-stage divide-by-10 Johnson counter with 10 decoded outputs and carry out bit (CD4017).
The intermittent lights from two group of led imitate the police car strobe lights.
The speed of switching off and on of led are continuously regulated by variable trimmer resistor.
24 LED Police Flasher – [Link]
The Hand Steadiness Tester is a game which tests the steadiness of your hand. The player has to take the ring from one end to another end without touching it to the wire. In this the player gets 4 turns. If the player touches the wire 4 times he has to reset the game & start the whole game from the beginning.
This project consists of IC 4017, a Buzzer, a Relay, some resistors, a Push button and 4 LEDs. There is also a PCB layout given. There are many types of Hand Steadiness Testers which are very simple. This New Hand Steadiness Tester is more advanced.
Hand Steadiness Tester – [Link]
The 555 Astable generates a clock for this circuit, an oscillator giving a square wave output at pin 3 which is counted by 4017 to give a running lights effect.
The decade counter-divider CD4017 has 10 outputs, for every low to high transition at the clock input, rising edge, the counter advances one LED. After going one full circle the the first LED lights again and it goes on. You can vary the value of R2 100K Linear potentiometer to make LEDs run fast or slow.
Running Lights with CD4017 – [Link]