This project shows how to build a Spectrophotometer using a toilet paper roll, duct tape and a graphing calculator. Light is shined through a sample solution, passes through a diffraction grating, then shows up as bands of color on the projection surface. The photosensor can slide back and forth along the spectrum to get readings at different frequencies using a multimeter. [via]
DIY Spectrophotometer - [Link]
This tutorial shows how to use the Timer1 module inside PIC12F683 as an asynchronous counter to compute the frequency of an external clock source. The external clock is connected to the GP5/T1CKI port of PIC12F683 and the measured frequency value is sent to a PC through serial port to display on an hyperterminal window. A 555 Timer IC operating as an astable multivibrator is used as the external clock source. The Timer1 module is 16-bit so it can count up to 65535. If the Timer1 is turned ON for 1 sec, the maximum frequency it can measure is 65535 Hz. Any frequency higher than this will create Timer1 overflow. An interrupt service routine is also written to demonstrate how to detect the overflow and take appropriate action. This concept can be extended to measure higher range frequencies.
How to measure frequency of an external clock source using PIC - [Link]
This project reads the AC line frequency and displays on a LCD. The 120V AC is first converted to 12V AC using a step-down transformer. With the help of a BJT, the output Sine wave is further converted to 5V square pulses which is fed to TOCKI pin of PIC16F628A. The Timer0 module is used as an 8-bit counter. The counter counts the number of pulses arrived at TOCKI port in 1 sec, which, in fact, is frequency of manis AC, and displays it on a LCD.
Timer0 Counting AC Line Frequency - [Link]
Sylvain Bissonnette writes:
This is a simple project. The Frequency is passing through an op-amp to convert it in a square wave. The ouput of the op-amp is feeding the 3*8 bits counter (24 bits) who can accumulate at a maximum of 16777216 count. The maximum frequency you can measure without changing the time base of one second is 16.777216 Mhz. The ATMega8 have 3 functions: enable the counter gate at each second, read his value and display it on the LCD.
ATMega8 Frequency Meter – [Link]
In this project we are building a basic and low cost frequency counter circuit . It can measure from 16Hz to 100Hz signals with a maximum amplitude of 15V. The sensitivity is high, the resolution is 0.01Hz. The input signal can be a sine, a square or a triangle waveform.
Frequency Counter - [Link]
The device presented here can be used to count events as well as to measure frequencies and times. Most of it is built from discrete HC (high speed CMOS) logic and to be honest, if I needed to build such a device again, I would not build it as presented here but integrate things into a CPLD or a microcontroller instead. However, it was instructive not to do so and maybe it is interesting for other people as well (for what reason ever).
- Frequency measurement from 0.1Hz to ≥10MHz; gate times of 0.1, 1 and 10 seconds
- Time measurement 0.001ms to 10000s (time clock 1MHz and 1kHz): measuring L/H time or 1, 10 or 100 complete pulses or time between input A and B transition
- 5-digit LED display with display hold
- CMOS-compatible Schmitt-trigger inputs with over- and under-voltage protection
Frequency Counter - [Link]
This project will turn your multimeter into a sensitive frequency counter with a wide counting range. You can also use this project to upgrade your old frequency counter and extend the range up to 2.5GHz. This project will describe a prescaler which will work up to 2.5GHz and with very high input sensitivity. The prescaler will divide the input frequency with either 1000 or 10.000.
Poor man’s counter - [Link]
This simple design uses the 20 pin ATTiny2313 microcontroller to measure frequencies from 1Hz to over 2MHz. The frequency is displayed on a standard HD44780 16×2 LCD. A bright white text, blue backlit LCD is included with the kit. The device requires a regulated 5V power supply. [via]
FunCount Frequency Counter – [Link]
This article shows how to build a small, cheap and simple frequency meter, without any fancy, out of reach components. The simple proposed design can measure frequencies up to 40 Mhz with errors below 1%! This degree of precision will be more than enough to debug most of your analog and digital circuits, and will give you the ability to analyze many aspects that you were unable to see before.
Build your 40 MHz Frequency meter! - [Link]