LAPIS Semiconductor has recently announced the development of a low power microcontroller that has an integrated 8-bit low power MCU core, speech synthesis circuit, highly efficient Class-D speaker amp, non-volatile memory and oscillator circuit on a single chip, making audio playback possible by simply wiring up a speaker.
The ML610Q304 has a typical audio power output of 450 mW operating at 3 V or 1 W at 5 V. The controller includes four 8-bit counters which can be combined to make two 16-bit timers, a three channel 10-bit A/D converter, a two channel SSIO, UART and I2C peripheral interfaces. The memory capacity of the ML610Q304 includes a 96 KB program flash, 2 KB data flash and 1 KB RAM. The dedicated hardware-based audio playback helps reduce CPU loading. Two suggested audio playback formats are 16 kHz 16-bit PCM and 16kHz HQ-ADPCM. The Class-D amp reduces current consumption during audio playback by approx. 40% compared to conventional solutions, making it a good choice for incorporation into mobile battery-powered devices. In recent years a growing number of electronic products are adding voice playback functionality, particularly battery-driven devices that require increased miniaturization and lower power consumption for longer operating life.
8-bit MCU with built-in 1 W Audio Amp – [Link]
by Susan Nordyk @ edn.com:
Furnished in a ceramic surface-mount package that is just 3.2×1.5×0.8 mm, the RV-8803-C7 real-time clock module from Swiss manufacturer Micro Crystal consumes 240 nA and operates from a supply voltage as low as 1.5 V to increase the life of backup supplies. The device gives designers the option to replace expensive batteries and supercapacitors with low-cost multilayer ceramic capacitors for battery backup.
The temperature-compensated real-time clock is accurate to within ±3.0 ppm (±0.26 seconds/day) over a temperature range of -40°C to +85°C. In addition to low current consumption and high accuracy, the RV-8803-C7 has one of the smallest ceramic packages in the industry with an integrated 32.768-Hz quartz crystal. It operates from a supply voltage ranging from 1.5 V to 5.5 V and employs an I2C interface.
Tiny real-time clock consumes only 240 nA – [Link]
The 17 mm square MM7150 Motion Module from Microchip Technology is a complete, small form-factor board containing a 3-axis accelerometer, 6-axis digital compass and gyroscope sensors pre-programmed with integrated calibration and sensor fusion algorithms. Connections to the board include I2C, power and ground. The board operates at 3.3 V and consumes about 7.68 mA in active mode and around 70 µA in deep sleep.
Read position & motion data over I2C
Small size 17×17
Pre-programmed and calibrated
Single sided – can be soldered down
SSC7150 motion coprocessor with integrated sensor fusion
9-axis Sensors (accelerometer, magnetometer, gyroscope)
Tiny Card Deals with your Motions – [Link]
Martin’s DIY Internet connected smart humidifier project:
The project uses a DHT22 temperature sensor mounted to the side of the enclosure for better ventilation and reliable reading:
I threw in a ultra-cheap I2C OLED status display to get a visual reading. Milling the box so that the OLED shows was pretty nasty, hated it. I cut a piece of paper and placed it on top of the cover, below the transparent lid to cover up for the lousy milling job
The humidistat switches on and off the humidifier as needed, the humidifier itself is plugged in to a plug in the relay. The auto detects when water is out and stops, so I didn’t have to care about that.
Internet connected smart humidifier – [Link]
by Francesco Truzzi :
Some time ago I came across a new chip from TI, the HDC1000. It’s a temperature and humidity sensor with I2C interface and requires little to no additional components. It comes in an 8BGA package: we can all agree it’s pretty small.
Some of the peculiar characteristics of this chip are that it has a DRDYn pin which goes low any time there is a new reading from the chip (so you can precisely time your requests) and that the sensor is located on the bottom of the IC, so that it’s not exposed to dust and other agents that may false the readings. Also, it has an integrated heater that can remove humidity from the sensor.
So I developed a very small breakout board for this chip as well as an Arduino library (yay, my first one! raspberryPi and nodemcu might come next).
HDC1000 temperature and humidity sensor breakout, with Arduino library! – [Link]
If you’ve read my last post you’re already familiar with my Inductance Meter project: http://soldernerd.com/2015/01/14/stand-alone-inductance-meter/. At that time the hardware was ready but there was no software yet. That’s been corrected, the inductance meter is now fully functional.
From a high-level point of view the new software is very similar to the Arduino sketch I wrote for the Inductance Meter Shield (http://soldernerd.com/2014/12/14/arduino-based-inductance-meter/). If you look a bit closer, you’ll notice some differences for several reasons:
This project uses an entirely different microcontroller: A PIC 16F1932 instead of the Atmel Atmega328
This code is written in C (for the MikroC for PIC compiler by Mikroelektronika), not Arduino-style C++
The display I’m using here comes with a I2C interface rather than the familiar Hitachi interface
Stand-alone Inductance Meter – [Link]
The PCA8565 plays a very important role in the real time systems like digital clock, attendance system and tariff switching. In applications where timestamp is needed, PCA8565 real time clock is a good option. It provides the following benefits: low power consumption, allows the main system for time-critical tasks, and more accurate than other methods.
The PCA8565 is a CMOS real time clock and calendar optimized for low power consumption. A programmable clock output, interrupt output and voltage-low detector are also provided. All address and data are transferred serially via a two-line bidirectional I2C-bus with a maximum bus speed of 400kbps. The built-in word address register is incremented automatically after each written or read data byte. It provides a year, month, day, weekday, hours, minutes and seconds based on a 32.768kHz quartz crystal. It features alarm and timer functions, low current, and extended operating temperature range of -40 degrees Celsius to +125 degrees Celsius. It further contains an 8-bit year register that can hold values from 00 to 99 in BCD format, which also compensates for leap years, thus leap year is automatically corrected.
From the application circuit, the PCA8565 can be used to perform standard RTC functions, such as tracking the actual time and date, or acting as a reference timer. To support power management, the PCA8565 can be used to wake the microcontroller from hibernation mode. In systems that use a PLL, it can serve as a system reference clock for the PLL input. The PCA8565 can also be used as a watchdog timer, or as an activation timer to start measurements or initiate other functions.
PCA8565 Application Circuit – [Link]
by Pieter @ piconomic.co.za:
If you can beg, steal or borrow an Atmel ISP programmer, then you can use the Arduino environment to develop on the Atmel AVR Atmega328P Scorpion Board. An Arduino on Scorpion Board guide, Optiboot bootloader and example sketches have been added.
If you own an Arduino Uno board, you can now try out the Piconomic FW Library risk free without abandoning the creature comforts of the Arduino environment. You can use the existing Optiboot bootloader to upload code. I have added a getting started guide for the Arduino Uno. There are examples, including a CLI (Command Line Interpreter) Application that creates a “Linux Shell”-like environment running on the Arduino Uno so that you can experiment with GPIO, ADC, I2C and SPI using only Terminal software (for example Tera Term)… it is really cool!
Piconomic FW Library 0.4.2 released – [Link]
Teensy-LC (Low Cost) is a powerful 32 bit microcontroller board, with a rich set of hardware peripherals, at a very affordable price!
Teensy-LC delivers an impressive collection of capabilities to make modern electronic projects simpler. It features an ARM Cortex-M0+ processor at 48 MHz, 62K Flash, 8K RAM, 12 bit analog input & output, hardware Serial, SPI & I2C, USB, and a total of 27 I/O pins. See the technical specifications and pinouts below for details.
Teensy-LC maintains the same form-factor as Teensy 3.1, with most pins offering similar peripheral features.
Teensy LC – Coming March 2015 – [Link]