Super Simple SMT: Stencil8 – [via]
Over the years, I’ve soldered a fair number of boards. I’ve also seen how professional factories produce their boards. This is my technique for doing it myself, and I hope it works as well for you as it does for me. Note: the files needed to make the fixture, custom pcb setup, and stencil are on Github – Stencil8. This whole project is OSHW.
Super Simple SMT: Stencil8 - [Link]
My inspiration for developing this gas gauge was after purchasing a new car (Scion Xa) and wondering what MPG I was getting. After much research on ODBII protocols (Scions support CAN-BUS), and looking into open source software that already existed (OBDuino32K) I delved into my first Arduino project.
This project has taken me over a year to put together from building my own CAN-BUS shield, learning to design a circuit board, soldering SMD parts and then building my own enclosure so I could mount it in my car.
Arduino CAN-BUS OBD Gas Gauge - [Link]
Thanks to their very low equivalent serial resistance (ESR), they provide a very worth function in power supply parts of various devices. In many cases, there´s no need to add any other types of filtering capacitors anymore.
SMD ceramic capacitors are nowadays commonly available in relatively very high capacities of units to tens of uF, while keeping small dimensions (0603 – 1210). There are also available higher capacities in bigger packages, but the offer of producers is especially reach at these small packages (0603-1210) and prices are significantly better in comparison to a recent past.
Why to use a ceramic capacitor? First, it has a substantially lower value of ESR than electrolytic capacitors and also lower than tantalum ones. This is reflected in low losses and outstanding filtering properties even at high frequencies and high currents, what is especially beneficial at power supply of fast semiconductors and in switch-mode power supplies. Low power consumption of modern components enables to decrease an overall capacity of capacitors in a power supply part, that´s why in many cases a few uFarads are sufficient. A big advantage is a long lifetime too, because they don´t contain any liquid electrolyte. Naturally, in devices, where high current peaks occur, it would be economically inefficient to use ceramic capacitors only. In such cases a combination of ceramic and tantalum or electrolytic capacitors is ideal.
In our offer can be found more types, also a novelty in our offer – 2,2uF/10V/0805 from the X7R mass from company YAGEO (please note a significantly lower price at purchase of 50 pcs and more). The X7R mass ensures very good properties in a wide range of temperatures and voltages. Detailed information will provide you the X7R, X5R and Y5V documents. In case of interest about any YAGEO component, please contact us at email@example.com
Do you utilize ceramic capacitors for power supply filtering? - [Link]
We’ve added a new sheet that covers most of the chips that were missing in the Atmel ATmega and ATTiny families, specifically the ones that come in only SMD packages. The chips included are ATtiny 4/5/9/10/20/40/24a/44/84a/43u/87 and 167. We’ve also added the ATmega8/48/88/268/328 in TQFP package which has a different pinout than the DIP package covered in the original reference sheet.
Microcontroller Reference Sheet SMD v1.0 - [Link]
Giorgos Lazaridis writes:
I have began working with SMD chips and especially with my favorite QFN package some time ago, and i have already manage to radically reduce the size of my PCB to minimum, thanks to the tiny footprint of those packages. Slowly i began replacing my titanic through-hole parts with SMDs (whenever possible). One problem that arises with QFN PIC packages is that the microcontroller must be programmed after being soldered to the PCB. I know that there are QFN sockets that i can use to make a QFN chip programmer, but they are still very expensive to get, almost $100 each.
I turned using 0.1 pitch headers on each PCB, but this was totally inefficient, because this connector occupies more PCB space than the PIC itself. Taking also into account that the programming connector will only be used once, i decided to design something better, smaller and somehow faster for programming the PICs.
PIC ICSP Instant SMD Connector with Pogo Pins - [Link]
The SMD Codebook is a comprehensive internet database of the two and three letter codes used to mark small surface mount parts. This is an indispensable resource for repairing and reverse engineering SMD circuits. [via]
SMD devices are, by their very nature, too small to carry conventional semiconductor type numbers. Instead, a somewhat arbitrary coding system has grown up, where the device package carries a simple two- or three-character ID code. Identifying the manufacturers’ type number of an SMD device from the package code can be a difficult task, involving combing through many different databooks. This HTML book is designed to provide an easy means of device identification. It lists over 3,500 device codes in alphabetical order, together with type numbers, device characteristics or equivalents and pinout information. Sometimes I’m asked to put IC information in the codebook. There is some information about ICs – but first and foremost the codebook is intended for discrete devices. Some ICs have been included, usually these are 3/4 pin devices or RF circuits I’m interested in.
Identify surface mount part codes online - [Link]
SMD Packages explained!. The Funkiester writes – [via]
Hello! Well as a result of all the great feedback from the component packages, I’m doing another post about SMD packages! I may be using some of the terminology from the last post in here as well, so just in case, here is the last post.
First off, SMD means Surface Mount Device; There is another acronym used that means pretty much the same thing which is SMT, and that means Surface Mount Technology. This’ll be describing the various packages that an LED can come in, as well as resistor and the more common capacitor packages as well as many other surface mount devices. The big rule about SMD is that many packages are represented by a 4 digit code. The first two digits indicate its length and the second two digits indicate its width. So an 0603 package would be .06″ x .03″ . Although if it isn’t represented by a 4 digit code, that doesn’t mean that it isn’t an SMD component, all that means is that you’ll have to do a little more searching to find the dimensions of your specific component.
The most common packages are the: 0603 , 0805 , 1206, 2512, and the SOT. although we will be discussing the 0606, 1204, 1210, SOD, PLCC, Chimney-Type, 3528, 5050, A, C, D, E. The space on the board where the SMD will sit is called the footprint, and the footprint is like a little diagram as to where the component is to be soldered on the board and how much space it takes up.
SMD Packages explained! - [Link]
Since this is a well working low budget AVR ISP progammer (by Thomas Fischl), I offer a compact single-sided THT-SMD combined layout. The circuit is identical to the official programmer, so the original firmware can be used with this board. This programmer is supported by avrdude. One of the main features is that the low speed USB protocol stack is realized directly with the used AVR controller, which makes this programmer a low budget one, about 5EUR material costs. Notice however that this programmer cannot be used with 3V3 systems without an additional level shifter.
Alternative board for USBasp AVR ISP programmer - [Link]
EEVblog made a SMD hand soldering tutorial. In the video Dave explains how to solder small SMD capacitors and resistors, all the standard size pitches for ICs up to a 0.5mm pitch, as well as some tips how to use large thermal pads, like adding thermal paste or preheating the board and the IC. [via]
Surface mount soldering tutorial - [Link]
An SMD LED for direct drive with 120/230 V alternating current. The LED consists of two separate coils which are connected in parallel at 120 VAC, and in series for drive with 230 VAC. Available in cold white and warm white versions with a light flux of 360 lm and 280 lm respectively.
230V AC Powered LED - [Link]