The Juice4Halt module is a supercapacitor based energy storage. It contains two independent DC/DC converters. The first one is a bidirectional step-up/step-down converter working as the interface between the stable 5V supply rail and the supercapacitor. During charging the converter works in step-down mode and transports energy from the external power supply to the supercapacitor. In case of a power failure the load device (Raspberry Pi or another SBC) is supplied from the supercapacitor via DC/DC converter working in step-up mode.
The second DC/DC converter is a Front-end step-down converter. The only function is converting a high input voltage down to 5.1V for the 5V rail. It is necessary to use the Front-end converter in case of an external power supply.
The Batteryless UPS for the Raspberry Pi - [Link]
by Steven Keeping @ digikey.com
Switching DC-to-DC voltage converters (“regulators”) comprise two elements: A controller and a power stage. The power stage incorporates the switching elements and converts the input voltage to the desired output. The controller supervises the switching operation to regulate the output voltage. The two are linked by a feedback loop that compares the actual output voltage with the desired output to derive the error voltage.
The controller is key to the stability and precision of the power supply, and virtually every design uses a pulse-width modulation (PWM) technique for regulation. There are two main methods of generating the PWM signal: Voltage-mode control and current-mode control. Voltage-mode control came first, but its disadvantages––such as slow response to load variations and loop gain that varied with input voltage––encouraged engineers to develop the alternative current-based method.
Today, engineers can select from a wide range of power modules using either control technique. These products incorporate technology to overcome the major deficiencies of the previous generation.
This article describes voltage- and current-mode control technique for PWM-signal generation in switching-voltage regulators and explains where each application is best suited.
Voltage- and Current-Mode Control for PWM Signal Generation in DC-to-DC Switching Regulators - [Link]
IP phones require data and power on the same cable. A high voltage power source of 48V is required, to reduce the voltage drop in the cable. This project has a DC-DC step-up converter that can deliver the required 48V supply at high efficiency. The MAX668 is an excellent choice for the design of this DC-DC step-up converter. The MAX668, a current-mode controller, operates in the PWM mode at medium and heavy loads, providing high-efficiency and low-noise. With power levels greater than 20W, efficiencies of more than 90% are achievable.
MAX668 48V IP Phone Power Supply – [Link]
How boost converters work and how to build a 50W adjustable boost converter circuit.
DC-DC Boost converter tutorial - [Link]
Adding to their ever growing family of power supply regulators Linear Technology have introduced the LTC3807 step-down switching regulator DC/DC controller driving an all N-channel external synchronous power MOSFET stage. The chip uses a constant frequency current mode architecture allowing a phase-lockable frequency of up to 750 kHz.
The chip draws just 50 μA no-load quiescent current and an OPTI-LOOP compensation allows the transient response to be optimized over a wide range of output capacitance and ESR values. The LTC3807 features a precision 0.8 V reference and power-good output indicator.
Low-loss Step-down Regulator - [Link]
The LT®8310 is a resonant-reset forward converter controller that drives an external low side N-channel MOSFET from an internally regulated 10V supply. The LT8310 features duty mode control to generate a stable, regulated, isolated output using a single power transformer. With the addition of output voltage feedback, via opto-coupler (isolated) or directly wired (nonisolated), current mode regulation is activated, improving output accuracy and load response. A choice of transformer turns ratio makes high step-down or step-up ratios possible without operating at duty cycle extremes.
100 V Forward Voltage Controller - [Link]
This project has been designed around Texas Instruments LM2623 IC, The LM2623 is a high efficiency, general purpose step-up DC-DC switching regulator for battery powered and low input voltage systems. It accepts an input voltage between 2.4V to 12V volts and coverts it into 5V DC. Efficiencies up to 90% are achievable with the LM2623.
2.4V to 5V Step Up DC-DC Converter - [Link]
A tutorial on feedback resistors in DC-DC converters and how to build a high current adjustable power supply using an LM2678.
Build a 2.5V to 14V 3A adjustable power supply! - [Link]
The TPS65262 is a monolithic triple synchronous step-down (buck) converter with 3-A/1-A/1-A output current. A wide 4.5- to 18-V input supply voltage range encompasses the most intermediate bus voltage operating off 5-, 9-, 12-, or 15-V power bus. The converter, with constant frequency peak current mode, is designed to simplify its application while giving designers options to optimize the system according to targeted applications.
TPS65262 – Triple Synchronous Step-Down Converter with 200mA/100mA Dual LDOs - [Link]
I explain buck converters (a type of switch mode power supply) and how to build a 5V 5A power supply using an LM2678.
How to build a switch mode power supply! DC-DC buck converter tutorial! - [Link]