Home Blog  





27 Jan 2015

obr1651_uvod

If you´re deciding whether it´s worth to use a backup battery, we bring you a few remarks why to go for it or not.

Lithium battery Xeno Energy with a lifetime of over 10 years and rules for their usage were brought to you in our article „10 years of operation for 1 battery?”. They´re usable as a “main” power source for low power consumption devices and the second main field of their usage is a power supply backup. In contrast to the smallest cells used for PC memories backup (BIOS) for example, the types, which we keep in stock feature capacity of several Ah and they´re also able to provide a relatively decent current. That enables to use such battery also for a real operation of the device (MCU) during the power supply dropout.

Probably the main reason why not to use a backup battery is a doubt about higher production costs of a given device. However, when we look at the sales price in our e-shop, we find, that common PCB types like for example XL-050F AX (LS14250CNA) or XL-060F AX (LS14500CNA) are available for the price of max. 4 Eur/pce. At the same time, using this type of batteries eliminates the need for a battery holder, charging chip, etc.

The newest contribution on the field of PCB lithium batteries in our stock is the type XL-210F/STD 5,5mm, what´s the disc with 33mm diameter and only 6.6mm height, with leads to be soldered to PCB (THT). Low profile enables usage even in slim devices and everywhere, where common cylinder types are not suitable.

Further information will provide you the Xeno short form catalogue as well as detailed datasheets of Xeno batteries. In the Xeno production portfolio can also be found special batteries with a higher pulse capacity and type for extra high temperatures -55 to +130°C.


Backup battery soldered directly to a PCB? - [Link]

20 Jan 2015

obr1650_uvod

Only 0.5 mm thick (or thin) SMD LED Kungbright KPHCM-2012 can be placed practically everywhere, without increasing an overall PCB thickness. 

LED production technology currently surprises mainly on the field of white LEDs for lighting (SSL). But also color LEDs are getting still better as for the efficiency or for example in case of series Kingbright KPHCM – in miniature dimensions. Concretely series series KPHCM has standard „0805 SMD“ (2,0×1,25mm) dimensions, but unusual is it height – only 0.4mm. In reality, it appears so, that this LED will certainly be one of the lowest profile components on a PCB, hardly higher than a drop of a solder. This low-profile LED finds its place in all space-critical applications, for backlight of switches, displays and similar.Stock type – KPHCM-2012SECK is the red-orange LED (601 nm) with a relatively high luminiosity of 240 mcd (typ.). Similarly like at majority of standard diodes, maximum continuous current is 20 mA (abs. max. 30 mA). Detailed description will provide you the Kingbright KPHCM datasheet. Should you be interested in even smaller and thinner LED, than the KPG-1005 (1,0×0,5×0,2mm) series will be the right choice for you.


We have for you LED thinner than a solder drop - [Link]

18 Jan 2015

obr1566_1

Perhaps the most frequently used rechargeable batteries on the market nowadays – Lithium-Polymer (Li-Po) can be found also in our offer.

From the beginning of electronics, the world searches for an “ideal” rechargeable battery. So far such a battery doesn´t exist (maybe supercapacitors in the future), but Li-Po (Li-Pol) cells are quite near to an ideal in some aspects.

Very low self-discharge (approx. 5% / month), high voltage of a cell (3,7-3,8V average), high energy density and a low weight, considerably stable discharge voltage and a possibility to recharge anytime are one of the main advantages of Li-Po cells. Another benefits are advantageous flat shape, high variability in dimensions and a long lifetime. No wonder, that Li-Po cells have become no. 1 in consumer electronics, hand tools and in many industrial devices.

Perhaps the only drawback of these cells is their lower chemical stability at overcharging (in a corner case ending up with a fire). But that´s the case which is practically eliminated at a common operation with a suitable charging circuit (chip or a charger intended for Li-Po).

Basic principle at usage is not to exceed approx. 4.25V charging voltage and the battery is almost discharged at a voltage below approx. 3.0V (2.75V). On the very end of a discharge cycle, the inner resistance slightly increases, what can cause a slight heating of a battery at higher currents – it is a normal behavior. Charging is usually based on a method constant voltage/ limited current. In principle it´s possible to use the same chargers and charging circuits for Li-Ion as well as Li-Po cells.

At a usual usage and discharging to say 20-80%, Li-Po cells will reward you by a reliable operation and a long lifetime. Flat shape is ideal for various handheld equipment, as well for usage in flat enclosures. In respect to a low self-discharge it´s possible to use Li-Po cells even as a backup energy source.

In our offer can be found several several Li-Po types from company EEMB with a capacity of 130 mAh to 2000 mAh. Exact list of available types and datasheets can be found below this article. Upon request, we´re able to provide you also many other types.


Try the most favorite type of batteries - [Link]

15 Jan 2015

obr1552_1

Switch-mode regulator Traco TSR 0.5 will give you as much as you need. If you have an application, where 0.5A is sufficient, then the new series of DC/DC modules is ideal for you.

Maybe, it´s worth to ask a question, whether it makes sense to use a switch-mode regulator for such a low current? For sure yes, at least because of two reasons. If we need to create 3.3V from for example 12V, then at a current of 0.5A a power loss of 4.35W appears at a classic linear regulator. That´s already a quite considerable power, able to heat up a device – especially at smaller enclosures and a dense population on a PCB.

Another reason is energy saving – especially at battery powered devices. Switch mode power supplies (SMPS) have a “genial” feature, that thanks to their high efficiency we use practically whole power drawn from a source, i.e. if we need say 5V/0.5A from a 15V source – we won´t take from it 0.5A but only approx. 0,17-0,18A.

Novelty of company Traco Electronic – series TSR 0.5 is by its function very similar to well known, proven DC/DC regulators TSR1 or TSRN1. The main difference is in a smaller allowed current and a feelingly lower price . That ´s why this series is very suitable for any application, where a current of 0.5A will be sufficient. A big advantage can be a wide operating temperatures range from -40 to +90°C (power derating 5%/K at temperature above 80°C). Maximum input voltage of 32V enables a usage even at power supplying from various alternative energy sources with a big input voltage fluctuations.

This novelty is so far available in a version with 5V output voltage (TSR 0.5-2450) and soon there will be another.

Why to pay for the current, which you won´t use? - [Link]


12 Jan 2015

obr1518_2

Beauty in simplicity – adjustable bimetal thermostat operates independently from a power supply.

Thermal comfort is, when a temperature in a house is 21-24 °C and a relative humidity is …. No, sorry, your device can withstand much more. At least 0 to 60°C or much more. If you have a device, where you need to guide the temperature, then DIN-rail thermostats are the simplest usable solution. Series 7T from company Finder offers a possibility to use such thermostats to control heating, cooling (fans) or their combination…

Besides purely industrial applications, these thermostats can also be used to control temperature in buildings or garages – for example as a frost protection. In our stock can be found five types, mainly with a range of 0 to +60°C. Available are 2 basic series – 7T81 and 7T91. 7T81 is a narrower, only 17.5 mm wide series. Series 7T91 is wider, with a more perforated enclosure, i.e. there´s an assumption of somewhat quicker reaction to temperature changes.

Orientation among types is simple. Types with a suffix …23xx are intended for switching of cooling (blue adjustable knob), i.e. after reaching a set temperature a bimetal contact switches on. Here belong for example types 7T.81.0.000.2303 and 7T.91.0.000.2303.

Types with a suffix …24xx are intended for switching of heating (red adjustable knob), i.e. after reaching a set temperature, a contact switches off. Here belong for example types 7T.81.0.000.2403 and 7T.91.0.000.2403. However in the 7T series can also be found types usable in both ways, for example 7T.91.0.000.2004 (range +5 to +60°C).

Detailed information will provide you datasheets Finder 7T81 (EN) and Finder 7T91 (DE).


Thermostats Finder ensure a thermal comfort to your devices - [Link]

8 Jan 2015

obr1507_1

New version of a favorite RFID module ID12LA will enable you to implement RFID into your device even more easily thanks to a wide range of supply voltage.

Literally “globally known” with an integrated antenna – ID12 and its familiar like for example ID2 or ID20 have earned a big popularity thanks to a flawless usage and reliability. Perhaps the only disadvantage of this module was narrow range of operating supply voltage, what in praxis enabled only usage of 5V DC. New version – ID12LA solves also this small drawback and the new module works in a range of 2.8-5VDC. This also enable their usage even with a 3.3V logic and for example in battery operated devices (3-4x NiMH, or 1x Lithium cell, …) without necessity of DC converters or a precise voltage regulation.

The module ID12LA (range approx. 12cm), as well as ID20LA (range approx.16cm) are in our stable stock offer, similarly also the Mifare version (13,56 MHz) – ID20MFIA. In case, that you prefer the maximum range, it´s possible to use module ID2 supplied with an external antenna (range up to 30 cm).

Detailed information will provide you datasheets at particular types below the article.


RFID module ID12LA will also abide a lower voltage - [Link]

5 Jan 2015

obr1485_1

Long term reliable contact without interference, creaking and hum, moreover in a beautiful coat – these are the Neutrik / Rean connectors.

Connectors have in general one interesting feature – there are many similar or almost the same connectors on the market. Audio connectors are not exception in this. Even though they look the same, many times there are huge differences in price and mainly in quality. If we supposed, that every producer designs and makes his products likewise responsibly, then the cheaper one should be probably a good choice. Naturally, in praxis it isn´t so.

A real difference between a quality and a low-class connector can be known only at a close-detail investigation and comparison, and ideally after a real testing in praxis.
Quality audio connector must be made of quality materials and also with a high precision. Naturally, if a producer wants to achieve success on a market, it´s often simply impossible to use a too expensive connector, which would over-price the whole device.

That´s why you can find in our store the Neutrik / Rean connectors offering a high-end class for a very reasonable price. Company Neutrik specializes already for almost 40 years in audio connectors and in general connectors for audio/ video studios, equipment of concerts (backstage) and similar, that´s why also in loudspeaker connectors, power supply, Ethernet,…
In the Neutrik products can also be found connectors Rean representing even more affordable price level while maintaining a very high quality. Already a short look at details of Neutrik/ Rean connectors will tell us, that we´re dealing with precision connectors. A matter of course is a detailed documentation with an exact description of electrical features and materials used. A comprehensive overview about available types will give you the Rean catalogue and the Neutrik catalogue (22MB). To many sophisticated connectors like for example NYS373 there are also available assembly instructions.


Uncompromising quality audio connectors for a compromising price - [Link]

2 Jan 2015

obr1649_1

Minimum noise, easy speed control and a high power, those are another reasons why to decide for GreenTech EC fans from EBM-Papst.

A term „EC fan“ (electronic commutation) is generally used to mark energy-saving AC fans. In fact, these are DC (brushless) fans with AC/DC module and other electronics. EC fans reach up to 90% efficiency and they consume 50% less energy than traditional AC fans.
At the same time, a typical „50Hz“ motor noise is eliminated at EC fans and practically the only noise source is aerodynamic noise depending on overall fan design.

A good example of a modern fan is for example the type G1G140-AW31-42 i.e. radial (centrifugal) fan with 140mm diameter. Efficient motor with a „Soft start“ function enables to control fan speed through a DC input (0-10V) or PWM. To check a proper function, the fan also features „Tach“ output (2 pulses / revolution) as well as locked motor protection.
Thanks to the built-in electronics, at cyclic use it´s recommended to switch-off the motor through a control signal, not by switching-off main power supply.

G1G140-AW31-42 is suitable for a continuous operation (S1) and can be mounted in any position. It´s used for example for building ventilation.
Detailed information will provide you the G1G140-AW31-42 datasheet.

Modern EC fans are able to save up to 50% of energy - [Link]

29 Dec 2014

obr1482_1

Illuminated push-buttons represent a universal solution into every environment.

An answer to a question, whether it´s nicer to use a push-button with a backlight or not is perhaps a fully subjective matter. However besides an aesthetic point of view we know about at least two main reasons to use an illuminated push-button: easier orientation/ operation in a dark environment and an indication of a push-button status (activation of a given function).

So if we´ll decide for an illuminated push-button, it´s certainly beneficial to have a possibility to choose from a wide range of types and caps. In our offer can be found the best from this segment – components from a Danish MEC with over 70 years experience in production of push-buttons and switches.

Basic production portfolio of MEC switches can be divided into series „3“, „4“ and „5“. Seriesa „5“ i.e. for example 5G or 5E is the newest and the most perspective series, but also the “2” or “4” series are still popular. Types like 4FTH922 or 5GTH9358222 (4ATH98222) represent a ready-made solution with an LED. It´s also worth to mention a universal type 3FTL6, This type has besides a reliability, pleasant actuation and a crisp sound at switching yet one positive fature – it can be equipped with any 3mm LED. All that is necessary is to form leads into a required shape and apply a suitable cap. Perhaps the biggest advantage of this solution is a possibility to use a whatever LED according to your choice and this way to make a customized push-button (especially in smaller production batches). Naturally, at bigger production batches it´s possible to agree with a producer a production of various customized versions.

The most suitable type for your application can be easily chosen in the MEC catalogue (11MB).

MEC push-buttons can be found even in the dark - [Link]

22 Dec 2014

obr1646_1

Moreover, new UMTS/HSPA module Quectel UG95 is pin-compatible with GSM/GPRS module M95 thus offering extraordinarily simple way to migrate to 3G without a PCB redesign.

To have a possibility to choose a component on a given PCB place according to our wish is certainly advantageous. For example in audio equipment to use a simple operating amplifier (for less demanding applications) or in other case to use a pin-compatible high-end operating amplifier for more demanding applications (on the same PCB position). This compatibility is common in some fields, in other ones not that much …

In a segment of GSM/GPRS/UMTS modules is this compatibility a sort of an exception, so arrival of the new Quectel UG95 module on the market can be an interesting solution how to use the same design for smaller GSM/GPRS/EDGE connection (with the M95 module) and also for a substantially faster UMTS/HSPA connection with the UG95 module.

Do you use 2G module M95 and you wish for a higher transfer speed?

UG95 offer extraordinary possibility to design your device able to work with M95 or also with UG95 module. UG95 features more pins than M95 but their position is compatible, so at a PCB design it´s possible to place all pins on a PCB and their real use will depend on whether you´ll use M95 or UG95.In result it´s possible to assemble the same PCB with M95 or UG95 module according to given application requirements.

UG95 is based on a new Intel XMM6255 chipset. In general, UMTS/HSPA transfer offers not only a higher transfer speed of pictures and data but mainly higher reliability of connection even in hazard conditions. That can be very important for critical applications like telemetry, process control, security and similar. Because from a new module we usually expect enhanced functionality, even in this field the UG95 has what to offer, for example:

  • rich set of internet protocols – TCP/UDP/PPP/MMS*/SMTP*/FTP*/SSL* (*-in development)
  • standard industrial interfaces – USB 2.0/UART/I2C/PCM
  • high sensitivity and top-class audio algorithms, digital audio output (PCM)

New module is available in a form of the module itself – UG95EA-02-NCH-STD (suitable for a mass usage into a target appliance) and also in a form of a known „adapter board“ UG95-TE-A mainly intended for development using the UC20EVBKIT development kit.

Detailed information will provide you the UG95 presentation, UG95 specification and the document Quectel UG95&M95 compatible design.


UMTS module UG95 = reliable transfer even in hazard conditions - [Link]



 
 
 

 

 

 

Search Site | Advertising | Contact Us
Elektrotekno.com | Free Schematics Search Engine | Electronic Kits