LG Display has an excellent article on how they build TFT LCD displays:
Ever wondered how the TV and monitor displays you use every day work? The TFT-LCD manufacturing process consists of a set of processes for producing TFT, color filtering, cell, module and others. LG Display Newsroom gives a detailed, but easy to follow explanation of the entire steps below.
Let’s take a closer look at the production process for a TFT board, the bottom-most layer of an LCD panel. The image above depicts a TFT board, which consists of rows of small rectangular sections that together resembles a chessboard. Each rectangular section is a pixel, and each pixel contains a transistor that controls its function. The TFT process is the process that builds these transistors on top of a glass substrate.
TFT-LCD Production Process Explained - [Link]
by Sound Guy @ instructables.com:
You may be familiar with a website in the UK called Colour Clock (http://thecolourclock.co.uk/) which converts the time into a hex value and then uses that value to update the background color. It’s very hypnotic and once you get used to how it works you can actually tell where you are in the day just by glancing at the screen from across the room.
I had an Arduino Uno R3 and an Adafruit 1.8″ Color TFT Shield w/microSD and Joystick that I was trying to use for another project that kept stalling out. One night just for fun I decided to see if I could recreate the Colour Clock and it only took a couple hours. If you’re familiar with Arduino you could easily swap parts out for a simple TFT breakout board and something tiny like a Beetle and make a very compact unit. You could even wear it as a badge.
Arduino TFT Color Clock - [Link]
Built on the basis of Arduino UNO, GPS, SD card, TFT, GPS map navigation system is to obtain the real-time position information via GPS, to send it to UNO for calculation, according to the calculating results, and teamed up with the
map file stored in SD card, thus presenting the position on TFT. The GPS system, owing the function to store the current position information, can be applied to running positioning and to record the running tracing.
Arduino GPS Map Navigation System - [Link]
herpderp shares his waveform generator:
Here is my last project, a tiny waveform generator based on my previous project and some components:
– An AD9834 (DDS chip with sinus/triangle output)
– 2 x AD5310 (10bit DAC: one for the Vpp control, another one the offset control)
– 3 x LM7171 (Fast OPA)
– 3 x LT1616 (switching regulator: +5V, +7V, -7V)
This waveform generator is directly powered by a standard 12V jack and is capable of outputting a 10Vpp signal at 1MHz (between -5V and +5V, sinus waveform, no load). Above 1MHz, the output starts fading, reaching only 9Vpp at 4MHz (maximal frequency). Frequency, amplitude and offset are digitally controlled through the smart TFT.
Three “basic” waveforms are provided: sinus and triangle, coming from the DDS chip (0.1Hz to 4MHz, 0.1Hz step), and PWM coming from the microcontroller (0.1Hz to 1MHz, variable steps).
Tiny waveform generator - [Link]
Discovering of overheating and joints with a high resistance has never been easier and safer. With the type Flir i3 now moreover price-affordable.
Thermal cameras, i.e. cameras sensitive in infrared range bring a useful information – picture with virtual colors responding to a temperature of a scanned surface. Maybe, at the word “thermal camera” you too get an idea about a well known usage in buildings – inspection of a heat leakage (thermal bridges) = status of a thermal insulation of buildings. But that´s only one of many ways to use these devices. In electronics and power engineering it´s far more interesting for example:
- searching for faults on a PCB, optimizing of layout in respect to an even heat distribution
- inspection of distribution boxes with cables, terminal blocks and circuit breakers
- inspection of motors and transformers
- inspection of cables interconnections (overheating caused by a high resistance)
- inspection of cooling efficiency – heatsinks, fans, …
- inspection of solar panels
…and all this at full operation and under (often high) voltage.
„I have an infrared thermometer, thus I need no camera” – this is a frequent opinion – until the time, you once try working with a camera. The joke is, that one picture from for example camera Flir i3 with resolution of “only” 60×60 pixels equals to 3600 measurements of an IR thermometer. It can be said, that one picture taken by the camera even exceeds 3600 measurements (done by an IR thermometer), because a spatial resolution of the thermal camera is usually better (surface measured by one pixel is smaller) than that of IR thermometers. This way it can happen, that a small source of heat (for example a small overheated component) can´t be discovered by an IR thermometer, while with a camera it will be clearly visible. Naturally, there are many applications where only an IR thermometer is sufficient, but cameras are far better for a professional usage and a maximum work efficiency.
That´s why we decided to incorporate into our offer the world renowned cameras from company FLIR, which is on the edge of development in this segment. As a standard stock item can be found type Flir i3 (3600 px) with resolution of 0.15°C and a viewing angle 12,5°x 12,5°. Big 2,8“ TFT display shows all necessary information and settings. Very advantageous is a possibility to store up to 5000 snapshots into a uSD card (2GB, jpg) and a consequent transfer of files into a PC through a USB. Further detailed information will provide you the Flir i3 datasheet.
Upon order we´re able to supply you any other type from company FLIR in a short leadtime..
Even hidden faults can be found with FLIR thermal cameras - [Link]
Raspberry Pi PiTFT Weather Station:
More tinkering with the wonderful Adafruit 2.8″ Touchscreen TFT module (PiTFT) for the Raspberry Pi. This time a weather station drawing data from weather.com.
Luckily there’s a wonderful python module to extract data from three popular weather services; python-weather-api supports NOAA, Yahoo! Weather and weather.com. This makes life so much easier.
Download the module and install in the usual way; there are instructions in their wiki.
A simple way to display the raw data in a more readable form is to use Pretty Print (pprint) which is installed by default on Respbian. Just change the code in the call to weather.com in the script below to your town which can be found in the URL if you use the weather.com web page….
PiTFT Weather Station - [Link]
0xPIT @ github.com writes:
This Reflow Oven Controller relies on an Arduino Pro Micro, which is similar to the Leonardo and easily obtainable on eb*y for less than $10, plus my custom shield, which is actually more like a motherboard.
As I believe it is not wise to have a mess of wiring and tiny breakout-boards for operating mains powered equipment, I’ve decided to design custom board with easily obtainable components.
The hardware can be found in the folder hardware, including the Eagle schematics and PCB layout files. It should fit the freemium version of Eagle
Reflow Oven Controller with graphics TFT - [Link]
“Plus” version of new graphic modules FTDI with an EVE technology brings a big plus in a form of a compatibility with an Arduino platform.
Innovative graphic chips of the family EVE were introduced to you in our article: Is a display design difficult? Leave it to „Eve“! or also in the webinar in cooperation with the producer – FTDI. This time company FTDI comes with another significant step to make development easier – compatibility with an Arduino platform.
New versions of VM800 modules with the „P“ (Plus) suffix contain besides the graphic chip FT800 and a touch display (3,5/4,3 a 5,0“) a RISC procesor ATMEGA328P (16 MHz) with a precompiled Arduino „bootloader“ (from the supplied 4GB uSD card). It means, that applications can be developed in a free Arduino IDE environment and to use a huge amount of Arduino libraries. “Plus” version also contains a USB interface with the FT232R chip and a precise bezel (Black or Pearl). Also available are over 50 sample “EVE” applications including various gauges, keyboards and other usable in a target device. It can be said, that the Plus series is designed to be directly used not only for development, but also into a target device as a standalone graphic module (HMI) able to control even other peripheries and to communicate through a USB port. The module can be powered through a microUSB connector or from an external 5V adapter.
FTDI brings for a maximum versatility two possibilities of programming:
• through a so called HAL interface (Hardware Abstraction Layer ) enabling cooperation with various MCUs through an SPI interface as described in the Application Note 246 – VM800CB_SampleApp_Arduino_Introduction
• by using Arduino libraries as described in the document Application Note 318 – Arduino_Library_For_FT800_Series
Be in plus with a graphic platform FTDI VM800P - [Link]
Maybe the most well designed reflow oven controller out there @ andybrown.me.uk:
It’s been so long since I had the idea for this project that I can’t remember why I had the idea in the first place. At least I blame it on the passage of time although this engineer is getting on a bit now so it could easily be memory rot on my part. So here we are then, a reflow oven controller. Let’s quickly recap what a reflow oven is for those that are new around here.
The two main processes used in industry to build printed circuit boards are wave soldering and reflow using a very large industrial oven that you probably can’t afford and if you could afford to buy it you probably couldn’t afford to house or run it.
An open-source Cortex-M0 halogen reflow oven controller with TFT LCD - [Link]
This instructable will show you how to build a portable Touch Screen Oscilloscope for less than 40 U$! johnag @ instructables.com writes:
The oscilloscope is one of the most powerful electronic instruments that is available to electronics hobbyist, experimenters, and engineers. It is mainly used to measue time-varying signals. Any time you have a signal that varies with time( slowly, quickly, and /or periodically ) you can use an oscilloscope to measure it , visualize it, and to find any unexpected features in it.
Make an Oscilloscope using the SainSmart Mega2560 - [Link]