Clap switch/Sound-activated switch designed around op-amp, flip-flop and popular 555 IC. Switch avoids false triggering by using 2-clap sound. Clapping sound is received by a microphone, the microphone changes the sound wave to electrical wave which is further amplified by op-amp.
555 timer IC acts as mono-stable multi-vibrator then flip-flop changes the state of output relay on every two-clap sound. This can be used to turn ON/OFF lights and fans. Circuit activates upon two-clap sound and stays activated until another sound triggers the circuit.
Sound Activated Switch - [Link]
This timer project can be used to switch ON/OFF any device after a set time, this circuit can be used in lots of application like switched ON/OFF Radio, TV, Fan, Pump, kitchen timer, the circuit describe here its unique in its own.
Project has been designed around two CMOS IC CD4001 and CD4020. Two gates of CD4001 make the oscillator and rest has been configured as flip-flop, BC547 transistor is to drive the Relay. Circuit is pretty simple, has jumpers to set the required time duration, Preset is to set the 1Hz oscillator. SW1 is to start the timer, SW2 Power on/off project. Relay output switch contacts can handle 230V AC @ 5Amps
Long Duration Timer - [Link]
This is a quick project for a timer. Recently I finished my UV light exposure box and thought that it will be convenient to have a build in timer to switch off the light after preset time.
Simple timer with PIC16F628A - [Link]
This Photodiode based Alarm can be used to give a warning alarm when someone passes through a protected area. The circuit is kept standby through a laser beam or IR beam focused on to the Photodiode. When the beam path breaks, alarm will be triggered. The circuit uses a PN Photodiode in the reverse bias mode to detect light intensity. In the presence of Laser / IR rays, the Photodiode conducts and provides base bias to T1.
The NPN transistor T1 conducts and takes the reset pin 4 of IC1 to ground potential. IC1 is wired as an Astable oscillator using the components R3, VR1 and C3. The Astable operates only when its reset pin becomes high. When the Laser / IR beam breaks, current through the Photodiode ceases and T1 turns off. The collector voltage of T1 then goes high and enables IC1. The output pulses from IC1 drives the speaker and alarm tone will be generated.
A simple IR transmitter circuit is given which uses Continuous IR rays. The transmitter can emit IR rays up to 5 meters if the IR LEDs are enclosed in black tubes.
555 Photodiode alarm - [Link]
Raj @ embedded-lab.com build a programmable digital timer. He writes:
Digital timer switches are used to control the operation of electrical devices based on a programmed schedule. This project describes a programmable digital timer based on the PIC16F628A microcontroller that can be programmed to schedule the on and off operation of an electrical appliance. The appliance is controlled through a relay switch. This timer switch allows you to set both on and off time. That means, you can program when do you want to turn the device on and for how long you want it to be remained on. The maximum time interval that you can set for on and off operation is 99 hours and 59 minutes. The project provides an interactive user interface using a 16×2 character LCD along with 4 push buttons.
Programmable digital timer switch using a PIC Microcontroller - [Link]
Dave celebrates the classic 555 timer IC by building the Evil Mad Scientist “three fives” discrete timer kit. Some scope measurements and an explanation of the internal 555 timer circuitry follow.
EEVblog #555 – 555 Timer Kit - [Link]
This is a collection of Maxim’s newest real-time clock ICs.
This real-time clock IC operates with very low current and is compatible with high-ESR crystals for a space saving, low-cost design. Read the rest of this entry »
The TS3004 is a single-supply, timer IC fully specified to operate over a supply voltage range of 1.55V to 5.25V while consuming 1.9μA supply current. Requiring only a resistor to set the base output frequency (or output period) at 25kHz (or 40µs) with a 50% duty cycle, the TS3004 timer/oscillator is compact, easy-to-use, and versatile. Optimized for ultra-long life, low frequency, battery-powered/portable applications, the TS3004 joins the TS3001, TS3002, TS3003, TS3005, and TS3006 in Touchstone’s CMOS timer family.
TS3004: A 1.55V TO 5.25V, 1.9µA, 0.005Hz TO 300kHz RESISTOR-TUNABLE TIMER IC - [Link]
Kerry Wong documented his VFD filament driver built:
I recently salvaged a vacuum fluorescent display (VFD) from a piece of old test gear. The VFD is a 13 digit 7-segment multiplexed display and I thought it would look great in a custom digital clock or something similar. While it has the model number FUTABA 13-MT-54NA, I could not find any information on the internet specifically for this model. Of course, before I could put this vacuum fluorescent display to use in my final project, I needed to first build a driver circuit to drive this display.
VFD filament driver using 555 - [Link]
The goal of this project is to construct a simple 0-9999 seconds count down timer with an alarm and a display. The time is set through two tact switches and the count down seconds are displayed on a 4-digit seven segment LED display. The project uses PIC12F683 microcontroller for all I/O and timing operations and MAX7219 IC for driving the seven segment LED module. The time out condition is indicated by an audible alarm from a buzzer.
0-9999 seconds count down timer using PIC12F683 microcontroller - [Link]