Infrared headphones can be used for listening to music or television cordlessly. The headphones utilize a transmitter that connects with audio cables to the audio source, such as a home entertainment center. The transmitter utilizes light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to direct a focused beam of invisible pulsating light towards a receiver built into the headphone set. The pulsations act as ON/OFF signals that are translated digitally by the receiver into audible sound waves. Most infrared headphones have an effective range of about 30 feet (~10 meters) or less, and require a clear line of sight between transmitter and receiver.
Sound comes out of the stereo system through audio cables and into an infrared transmitter. The transmitter turns the sound into a series of pulses. The pulses work like bits in a computer, digitally capturing the sound information. These pulses are then sent to an infrared LED.
For the transmitter side, an audio input from PL1 frequency modulates the VCO section of a HEF4046BT PLL chip. The VCO output drives Q1, a switching transistor. Q1 drives two IR LEDs. The signal produced is around 100 kHz, FM carrier VCO sensitivity is around 7.5 kHz/V.
Wireless IR Headphone Transmitter – [Link]
by Sam Freeman and Wynter Woods @ makezine.com:
This simple hack turns your Raspberry Pi into a powerful FM transmitter! It has enough range to cover your home, DIY drive-in movie, a high school ball game, or even a bike parade (depending on the stragglers).
PiFM software not only boldly enhances the capability of your Pi, but does so with nothing more than a single length of wire. This hack starts with the absolute minimum you need to run a Raspberry Pi — an SD card, a power source, and the board itself — and adds one piece of wire. It’s the coolest Pi device we’ve ever seen with so few materials.
Raspberry Pirate Radio - [Link]
electronics-diy shows you how to easily make a mini FM transmitter:
It transmits FM waves so you could easily receive the signals on your mobile phone, radios, etc. As the name and the picture indicates it is very small and is approximately the size of a 9v battery clip. With this FM transmitter you could start your own mini FM station. The circuit uses BC547 transistor to amplify the signal and then frequency modulate it. It uses “frequency modulation” most commonly known as FM, the same principal to transmit audio signals captured by the microphone.
Mini FM transmitter - [Link]
Stream your music to your entire home !!!
Zola Lab – Portable FM Transmitter
Sparkfun Circular LED
Adafruit Si4713 FM Radio Transmitter
2 x Arduino Pro mini
Sparkfun Rotary Encoder
Catalex 4-Digits 7seg Display
On the top there is a: P2 audio input, a switch on/off, and a female micro-usb for charging Lipo.
DIY portable FM transmitter - [Link]
by ASCAS @ instructables.com:
Have you ever wanted to broadcast your own radio station within the neighborhood? Ever get curious on where people get those “Surveillance Bugs” from spy and action movies? This small and simple FM transmitter is the toy that geeks have always wanted.
FM transmitters can be complicated to build, that’s why I’m teaching you how to make a foolproof FM transmitter. There’s no need to buy kits, this tutorial includes the PCB layout and the schematics. It has a range of up to 1/4 mile or more. It’s great for room monitoring, baby listening and nature research.
The Ultimate FM Transmitter (Long Range Spybug) - [Link]
lamefreaks @ instructables.com writes:
In this instructable I’m going to show you how to build your own portable audio transmitter. This transmits FM waves so you could easily get the signals on your mobile phone, radios, etc. As the name and the picture indicates it is very small and is approximately the size of a 9v battery clip.
Mini Audio Transmitter - [Link]
A team of Columbia Engineering researchers, led by Mechanical Engineering Professor James Hone and Electrical Engineering Professor Kenneth Shepard, exploring the properties of graphene have demonstrated a new electro-mechanical resonant component.
The resonator’s structure consists of a 2-4 micrometer long strip of graphene suspended over a metal gate electrode. The strip of graphene has a natural resonance governed by its physical dimension and is used in the demonstration as the frequency determining element in an RF feedback oscillator circuit. Applying a voltage to the gate electrode stresses and deflects the graphene strip changing its resonant frequency. The team applied baseband audio and tones to the gate electrode to produce a 100 MHz FM signal.[via]
Tiny FM Transmitter uses Voltage Controlled Graphene Resonator - [Link]
This is a VCO FM Transmitter with range 500m – 4km depending on antenna used
– Power supply: 12-14 V stab., 100 mA
– RF power: 400 mW
– Impedance: 50-75 ohm
– Frequency range: 87,5-108 MHz
– Modulation: wideband FM
FM VCO Transmitter - [Link]
Ray Wang writes:
Hi, I recently built a reflow toaster oven using an Arduino. I know it’s pretty standard stuff, but my version has an automatic oven door opener (using a servo) and circulation fan to speed up the cooling time, and remote notification using an RF transmitter
Reflow toaster oven using an Arduino - [Link]