Power supply category

TP4056 3V3 Load Share Upgrade

A lot of project are battery powered and some of them need dual battery links. Robert on hackaday.io had shared his new project that shed light on this issue. He built an load sharing addon board with the ability to charge the battery while the project is operating.

Many Chinese charger boards are out there based on TP4056, but these boards don’t have the load sharing or voltage regulator features.

Load sharing means that you can power your circuit in two ways, from battery and from Vcc if a charger is connected. Once the charger is connected the battery will start charging and the load will be powered directly from Vcc. Robert added this feature to a recent design and also he added voltage regulation by using MCP1252.

The Components needed to build this project:

  • 1x  MCP1252-33X50/MS Power: Management IC / Switching Regulators
  • 1x  FDN304P: Discrete Semiconductors / Diode-Transistor Modules
  • 1x  SGL1-40-DIO: Schottky diode
  • 2x  100k 1206 resistor
  • 3x  10uF 1206 capacitor X7R
  • 1x  2.2uF 0805 capacitor X7R
  • 1x  ON/OFF switch (optional)
  • 2x  2 pin pcb connector
  • 1x  PCB from OSHpark

This schematic was inspired by multiple designs and modified by Robert.

“The advantage of MCP1252 is automatic buck/boost feature, it will maintain the regulated output voltage whether the input voltage is above or below the output voltage (2.1 to 5.0 V input range) so it is ideal for the lithium battery voltage. If you read the datasheet for the MCP1252-33X50I/MS there is clearly specified what type of MLCC capacitor should be used.”

The maximum output current of this board is 120mA and the output voltage is 3.3 V. It may sound not that suitable for your projects if you want to power an ESP8266, but still you can build your own board with different components to achieve the outputs you need. For example, by using MCP1253, which is identical to MCP1252, you will get  higher switching frequency (1MHz). Robert’s plan is to use this board with CO2 sensor (about 30 mA) and other low power sensors, some MCU and LCD, which can be powered using 120 mA.

Some measurements will be done to test the functionality of this board. To keep updated with the news of this project, you can follow the project on hackaday.io. You can also check other projects by Robert here.

Multiphase, 60V synchronous boost controller peaks at 97%

LTC3897 is a multiphase synchronous boost DC/DC controller with input surge stopper and ideal-diode controller. The boost controller drives two N-channel power MOSFET stages out-of-phase to reduce input and output capacitor requirements, enabling the use of smaller inductors versus the single-phase equivalent. By Graham Prophet @ edn-europe.com:

Synchronous rectification increases efficiency, reduces power loss and eases thermal requirements. The input surge stopper, with adjustable clamp voltage, controls the gate of an external N-channel MOSFET to protect against high input voltage transients of greater than 100V and provides inrush current control, overcurrent protection and output disconnect. The integrated ideal diode controller drives another N-channel MOSFET for reverse input voltage protection and voltage holdup or peak detection.

Protect your boost converter

@ edn.com discuss about a protection circuit for boost converters.

Boost converters are particularly susceptible to output shorts as there is a DC path from input to output. Usually a fuse, resettable or non-resettable, protects the system, but it is not always accurate or fast enough.

Protect your boost converter – [Link]

Step Up DC-DC Converter – 12V TO 28V DC 175mA

The Step-Up DC-DC Converter project provides 28V, 175mA output with input of 12V DC. The MC34063A IC is heart of the project from On semiconductor. The MC33063A is a monolithic control circuit containing the primary functions required for DC-DC converters. This device consist of an internal temperature compensated reference, comparator, controlled duty cycle oscillator with an active current limit circuit, driver and high current output switch. This IC specially designed to be incorporated step-down, step-up, and voltage-inverting applications with minimum number of external components.

Features

  • Input 12V DC
  • Output 28V, 175mA
  • Output Voltage  Adjustable By On-board Preset
  • Header Connector for Output/Input Connections
  • Low Standby Current

Step Up DC-DC Converter – 12V TO 28V DC 175mA – [Link]

1.2V to 35V – 1A Adjustable Regulator Board

The board built around LM2575-ADJ from Texas instruments. A 1.0 A output current capability power supply that features an adjustable output voltage, This regulator board delivers 1.0 A into 1.2 V to 35 V output. The input voltage ranges from roughly 8.0 V to 40 V. In order to achieve a 10 or more times reduction of output ripple.

Features

  • Output 1.2 to 35 VDC @ 1 A
  • Input Supply 8 To 40V ( 1.2V To 35V Required 40V Input)
  • Onboard Trimpot for output voltage adjust
  • On Board Power LED
  • Header Connector For Input & Output

1.2V to 35V – 1A Adjustable Regulator Board – [Link]

2.5V-4.2V input to 3.3V output – 1A Buck Boost Converter using LTC3441

This circuit can produce an output of 3.3V and 1A current continuously for a voltage input varying from 2.5V to 4.2V. The LTC3441 is a high efficient buck boost converter which plays a vital role in portable instrumentation because of its fixed frequency operation. This circuit produces the output from a single Li-ion battery. Multiple cells can also be used within the specified range of input voltage.

Features

  • Input(V): 2.5V DC to 4.2V DC
  • Output(V): 3.3V DC
  • Output load: 1A
  • PCB:21mmX12mm

2.5V-4.2V input to 3.3V output – 1A Buck Boost Converter using LTC3441 – [Link]

12V to 24V 1A DC-DC Boost Converter using LM2588

12V To 24V Booster is based on LM2588 IC from Texas Instruments. The LM2588 regulator integrated circuit specifically designed for fly-back, step-up (Boost) , and forward converter. The board provides 24V DC 1A DC output, Input 8V to 16V DC. Board has minimum components, screw terminal provided for input & outputs.

Features

  • Supply Input 8V To 16V DC ( Ideal 12V DC)
  • Output 24V 1A

12V to 24V 1A DC-DC Boost Converter using LM2588 – [Link]

2.7V-4.2V input to 3.3V output Buck-Boost Converter

This project shows a DC-DC buck boost circuit which can produce an output of 3.3V for an input of 2.7V to 4.2V , for example from a Li-on battery. The Circuit uses LTC3440 Buck boost IC which is a fixed frequency boost converter. To get high efficient results, inductor with high frequency core material should be used.

Features

  • Input(V): 2.7V DC to 4.2V DC
  • Output(V): 3.3V DC
  • Output load: 600mA
  • PCB:23mmX15mm

2.7V-4.2V input to 3.3V output Buck-Boost Converter – [Link]

The SilentSwitcher, A Quiet Mains-free Power Supply

Audio projects become smaller over time with the rapid advancement of technology. A traditional power supply is still considered large compared to audio projects size constraints and it may not fit such delicate applications that need to deliver a good sound with zero noise.

Jan Didden, audio specialist who is known for his own publications Linear Audio, has came up with a new idea that can help in perfecting audio projects. The SilentSwitcher is a 55 x 31 mm special power supply module designed to supply clean power to high-end analog and digital audio circuits.

29c89cc9e7f7dbc67843d2b414d056f6_original

“One goal of this power supply that it doesn’t need to connect to the mains, you can use it with a USB charger or with a power bank… All problems with ground loops and mains born noise are not existing”- Jan Didden, the designer of The SilentSwitcher

The SilentSwitcher uses a combination of switching and linear regulators to generate a stable and noise-free supply voltage. The module can be powered from a 5V USB adapter, or from a 5V power bank for complete isolation. It delivers ±150 mA and a choice of 6V, 5V or 3.3V at 0.5 A to benefit most of your applications. The absolute maximum input voltage is 12VDC but in normal operation it is preferable to limit it to 10VDC.

Output specifications:

  • Outputs (analog): +15 and -15 VDC at 150mA* each;
  • Output (6/5/3.3V): selectable 6, 5 or 3.3 VDC at 0.5A*;
  • Output noise (6/5/3.3V): less than 1mV broadband
  • Output impedance (analog): less than 10mΩ (+15V) and 80mΩ (-15V) at 20kHz
  • Output impedance (6/5/3.3V): less than 3mV drop with 100mA current step.

15V output at 150mA are provided thanks to the very low noise linear regulators of Texas Instruments TPS7A47, TPS7A33 that suppress all the noise from the switching regulator by a factor of one thousand even at 1 Megahertz. Such chips have driven zero noise to switcher technology and have shown incredible quiet and low noise performance.

Jan Didden talking about his product

The well designed board will help in keeping all elements quiet and avoiding excess radiation. There are 2- and 3-pin headers on the PCB to connect the load, and a 2-pin header for an On/Off switch. The connection to the 5V source is through a B-type USB connector or a standard 2-pin screw-type connector block. You can mount the PCB on the back of your enclosure with a hole cut out for the USB-B – no further input wiring required.

The SilentSwitcher Connections
The SilentSwitcher Connections

This power supply will be a great companion for your project! No need to think about wiring or transformers, and you won’t face any issues like mains hum or mains earth loops.

The SilentSwitcher is live on a Kickstarter crowdfunding campaign and there are only few hours left to go! You can get your own SilentSwitcher for $59 and you will receive a fully assembled and tested board.

More details are provided at the campaign page and at Linear Audio website.

$14.5 All-Purpose Switched-Mode Power Supply

Switching technology devices and integrated circuits are growing fast providing solutions that obtain power for different kind of circuits and devices, and they are proposed in different variations. A useful little known kind which is suitable for mixed supply systems is called SEPIC,single-ended primary-inductor converter.

Torpedo is a switched-mode power supply with a SEPIC configuration which is produced by Open Electronics, an open source solutions producer and the brainchild of Futura Group Srl. It supports three different wide-range voltage sources, battery, USB, and external source from 3 to 20 volts with up to 1 A output current and integrated LiPo battery cell charger.

Torpedo Board
Torpedo Board

Torpedo comes with these features:

  • Triple power source, that is to say: the USB, the battery and an external one
  • Wide range of values as for the input voltage: from 3 to 20 volts
  • Minimum output current of 500mA, with the possibility to reach 1A and more, via an external source
  • High efficiency, above 70% and possibly above 80-90%
  • Single-cell LiPo battery charger incorporated
  • A transition from battery power to another source that is without interruptions
  • 5 V output with high stability, having a low ripple and when varying the load.

Torpedo’s circuit structure can be functionally divided into three different parts; Input Stage, Battery Charger, and SEPIC Converter.

At first, the Input Stage is composed of two diodes and a MOSFET transistor. This set forms a power source selector by allowing the highest voltage power source to pass through Vin pin and prevent it from going to another input having a lower voltage.

Torpedo Circuit Diagram
Torpedo Circuit Diagram

The Battery Charger is based on the MCP73831-2 integrated circuit, that is envisaged for charging single-cell LiPo batteries having a voltage of 4.2 volts. It comes with a red LED indicating the statues of charging, and a two-resistor bridge giving two different output current, 100mA and 500mA.

The SEPIC Converter in general is a DC/DC converter which control its output to be greater than, less than, or equal to that at its input. In Torpedo circuit, the SEPIC integrated circuit contains 1.2Mhz oscillator with variable duty cycle, a low-RDSON MOSFET, and a feedback circuit. This combination provides constant 5V output voltage from variant input voltage between 2.5V to 20V.

Torpedo is available for $14.5 from Open Electronics store, and its technical details are reachable here.