1. can I change the value to R1 =100kohm ,R2=2.2kohm,R3=1Mohm and C=0.01uF???
A 2.2k load on a 100k collector resistor is still a huge attenuator. My suggestion of using a high impedance non-inverting opamp allows the photo-transistor to have its full gain.
I just noticed that R1 was 470 ohms which is much too low. It should be a much higher resistance for good sensitivity and the input impedance of the opamp that it drives should have an impedance at least 5 times higher.
2. can i use the TL072?
Yes, it works much better than a low-bandwidth LM324 at 38kHz. But the circuit needs to be changed for it to work.
3. should I construct the band pass filter to filter the fluorescent light and the noise?
You could make a highpass filter to reduce the low frequency mains hum but its harmonics would still pass and sound like a buzz. New compact fluorescent lights have a 38kHz oscillator that would cause severe interference to an AM modulated 38kHz system.