Sanket Gupta @ blog.octopart.com has written a capacitor select guide. The article goes through aluminum electrolytic capacitors, ceramic capacitors, Tantalum Capacitors, mica capacitors, film capacitors and Polymer Capacitors.
In this blog, we will explain all the different types of capacitors, their merits and demerits, and popular applications. We have included some recommendations for commonly used capacitor series with high supply chain availability from Common Parts Library and Seeed Studio’s Open Parts Library
How To Select a Capacitor – [Link]