People familiar with AVR boards such as Arduinos likely know most AVR MCUs can be clocked from an external crystal connected to 2 of the pins. When the AVR does not need to run at a precise clock frequency, it is also common to clock them from the internal 8Mhz oscillator. Before CPUs were made with internal oscillators or inverting amplifiers for external crystals, they were clocked by an external circuit. Although you won’t see many AVR projects doing this, every AVR I have used supports an external clock option.
Externally clocking (and overclocking) AVR MCUs – [Link]