Tag Archives: crystal

Simple crystal tester


Dilshan Jayakody build a simple crystal tester based on Colpitts oscillator. He writes:

This is simple Colpitts oscillator to test commonly available passive crystals which range between 2MHz to 27MHz. This unit must connect to an oscilloscope and/or frequency counter to get the frequency of the crystal. This circuit is design to work around 9V to 12V DC power source. Both 2SC930 transistors can replace with any high speed NPN transistor such as 2SC829, 2SC933, etc.

Simple crystal tester – [Link]

Ovenized crystal oscillator frequency stability


E. Schrama @ ejo60.wordpress.com uses an Arduino and a DCF77 time signal receiver to test the stability of an ovenized crystal oscillator running at 1 MHz.

In this experiment I will use an Arduino and a DCF77 time signal radio receiver to measure the stability of an ovenized crystal oscillator running at 1 MHz. It demonstrates that 50ppb (or 50 milliHerz) can be achieved on the short term, whereby an aging effect of 0.1 ppb per day is demonstrated with a 18 month long dataset. The output of the 1MHz oscillator is fed into a 248 counter and six 74HC165 parallel in, serial out (piso) conversion ICs that are controlled by an ATMEGA 2560, the circuit is described here. With this setup running at 1 MHz you get a rollover every 10 years, the resolution is 1 microsecond. In principle you could do this also with an Arduino but I decided for this set-up since I already had most of the components left over from an earlier experiment.

Ovenized crystal oscillator frequency stability – [Link]

SiTime enters wearables, IoT markets with 32 kHz MEMS TCXO


by Steve Taranovich:

I recently spoke to Piyush Sevalia, Executive Vice President, Marketing at SiTime Corporation,about their newly introduced 32 kHz TCXO (temperature compensated oscillator) which they claim to be the smallest, lowest power device in the industry. With its tiny footprint and ultra-low power consumption, the SiT1552 MEMS TCXO decreases the size and increases battery life of wearable electronics and Internet of Things (IoT); such benefits are not achievable from legacy quartz devices.

SiTime enters wearables, IoT markets with 32 kHz MEMS TCXO – [Link]

Tiny TCVCXO gets close to oven–controlled crystal stability


IQD frequency products have introduced a new range of temperature compensated voltage controlled crystal oscillators (TCVCXO) in a miniature 8-pad 5 x 3.2 mm outline. The IQXT-210 series TCVCXO, offers frequency stability down to ±0.14ppm over the full industrial temperature range of -40 to 85ºC.

Powered from a 3.3V supply the IQXT-210 has a typical current draw of only 12 mA (dependent upon oscillator frequency). The frequency can be specified between 10 MHz to 50 MHz. Initially there are 11 standard frequencies available including 12.8 MHz, 19.2 MHz and 26.0 MHz. Output can be specified as either HCMOS, 15pF load or Clipped Sine, into 10k Ohms load.

Tiny TCVCXO gets close to oven–controlled crystal stability – [Link]

Jauch – refined like a crystal


Crystals and crystals oscillators from German company Jauch belong to the best what´s available on the market.

If we need an exact frequency, we usually reach for crystals or crystal oscillators. If we want a stable function in a wide temperature range and in various circuits, we reach for products of a renowned producer … Crystals belong to components which we usually choose by a frequency and package. That´s sufficient in the most of cases, but less known and less compared are many other qualitative parameters (which even don´t have to be in the datasheet), which depend mainly on the production technology and from a quality of a crystal itself. Quality (Q), low phase noise, stability of oscillations, low sensitivity to mechanical vibrations and other factors have influence on the final device and its functionality in less favorable conditions in praxis (temperature, load, drive level, aging, …).

Crystals and crystal oscillators from German company Jauch Jauch belong to a top and they´re price affordable at the same time, that´s in our portfolio in this segment can be found only these quality components with guaranteed specification. Production portfolio of company Jauch is very wide, from common crystals in a HC49/U package to miniature SMT versions. Popular and often more beneficial are the ready-made crystals oscillators, which have a built-in electronics of an oscillator and provide directly an output signal of a desired frequency (usually HCMOS). In the Jauch portfolio can also be found voltage controlled oscillators – VCO and also extremely stable temperature compensated crystal oscillators – TCXO. The best insight into basic series will give you the Jauch product overview.

In our stable stock offer can be found series in the HC49/U, low SS4 and SMT SMU4 packages.

Jauch – refined like a crystal – [Link]

Quartz-crystal Controlled Wrist Watch

This is another common device people use everyday, in which a circuit drives the motor found in our watches or clocks to determine the time.

The circuit is mainly operated by PCA1462U IC, specially suited for battery-operated quartz-crystal controlled wrist watches. The quartz crystal is used to input an oscillated signal to the PCA1462U IC then produces an output of pulses that drives the stepping motor ON.

The IC used in this circuit is specialized for this application featuring an amplitude regulated 32KHz oscillator, with excellent frequency stability resulting in a high immunity from oscillator-to-leakage currents. The loss of motor steps is not possible because of an on-chip detection on the induced motor voltage, this output is applicable for different types of bipolar stepping motors. This IC also has a very low current consumption; typically 170 nA, and the time calibration of the pulses is electrically programmable and reprogrammable (via EEPROM).


  • PCA1462U CMOS integrated circuit
  • 1.55V dc power source
  • Quartz Crystal Oscillator
  • Stepper Motor

Quartz-crystal Controlled Wrist Watch – [Link]

Selecting and testing 32kHz crystal oscillators

Atmel describes how to select and test 32.768 kHz quartz crystals [PDF!] for real-time clocks. The basic tips on layout apply to any microcontroller project, not just those with AVRs. [via]

This application note summarizes the crystal basics, PCB layout considerations, and how to test a crystal in your application. A crystal selection guide shows recommended crystals tested by experts and found suitable for various oscillator modules in different Atmel AVR families. Test firmware and test reports from various crystal vendors are included.

Selecting and testing 32kHz crystal oscillators – [Link]

Choosing the Right Crystal and Caps for your Design

adafruit.com writes:

Learning to design your own PCBs and being able to put together a schematic to solve a specific problem is both a valuable and rewarding skill. There are a number of resources out there to help you avoid common mistakes, but it isn’t always obvious to know where the values of certain common components come from, particularly common parts like resistors and capacitors. Figuring this out is part of the learning process, but it isn’t always easy to know where to look since you first need to know exactly the right terms to search for.

Choosing the Right Crystal and Caps for your Design – [Link]