Tag Archives: Li-Ion

IC monitors multicell battery packs

Intersil ISL94203

by Susan Nordyk @ edn.com:

The ISL94203 battery-pack monitor IC from Intersil monitors, protects, and cell-balances three- to eight-cell rechargeable battery packs, supporting Li-ion CoO2, Li-ion Mn2O4, and Li-ion FePO4 chemistries. Its internal state machine has five preprogrammed stages that accurately control each cell of a battery pack to extend operating life.

In addition to functioning as a stand-alone battery-management system for rechargeable Li-ion battery packs, the ISL94203 can be used with an external microcontroller communicating via an I2C interface. The device integrates high-side charge/discharge FET-drive circuitry, which allows the battery pack to be securely ground referenced.

IC monitors multicell battery packs – [Link]

Get a constant +5V output by switching between a +5V input and a single-cell LI+ rechargeable cell

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App note from Maxim Integrated on providing smooth power from two sources. Link here (PDF)

Design provides a simple method for maintaining an uninterrupted +5V even while switching between the external +5V supply and a rechargeable single-cell Li+ battery.

Get a constant +5V output by switching between a +5V input and a single-cell LI+ rechargeable cell – [Link]

Buck battery charger handles multiple chemistries

4015

by Susan Nordyk @ edn.com:

The LTC4015 synchronous step-down battery charger controller from Linear Technology offers charge current of up to 20 A, multiple-chemistry operation, and onboard digital telemetry. The controller transfers power from a variety of input sources, such as wall adapters and solar panels, to a Li-Ion polymer, LiFePO4, or lead-acid battery stack with system load up to 35 V.

Operating over an input voltage range of 4.5 V to 35 V, the LTC4015 provides ±5% charge-current regulation up to 20 A and ±0.5% charge-voltage regulation. While a host microcontroller is required to access the most advanced features of the LTC4015, the use of an I2C port is optional.

Buck battery charger handles multiple chemistries – [Link]

How to make a USB Li-Ion charger

IMG_2060

by Robert Gawron @ robertgawron.blogspot.com:

Li-ion cells become more and more popular due to their capacity and reasonable prices. In this entry I will present how to build a simple li-ion battery charger based on MCP73831 chip. It’s a quite useful device for DYI projects,in addition its cost is only around 1,5 euro.

The device uses USB port as a power supply (mini-USB connector). I use the standard gold-pins as an output socket. There’re three of them, but only two are used (looking on the image, counting from top: V+, V-). I will design my li-ion based devices in the same way (same socket, but female), then if I will connect it in the incorrect direction (rotated 180 degrees) they won’t be damaged (V- connected to V-, but V+ connected to n/c pin) – simple way to avoid plugging in an incorrect way.

How to make a USB Li-Ion charger – [Link]

Research Points the way to Safer Lithium Batteries

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by Martin Cooke @ elektormagazine.com:

A paper published in the June 17th edition of Nature Communications describes how the addition of two chemicals to the electrolyte of lithium metal batteries can prevent the formation of dendrites. These are needles of lithium which grow in the battery and eventually puncture the barrier between the two battery halves. Their formation can cause short circuits in the battery which leads to overheating and sometimes combustion.

According to the paper this breakthrough could help remove a major barrier to the future development of lithium-sulfur and lithium-air batteries. These promising new battery technologies could store up to 10 times more energy per weight than batteries in use today in consumer electronics and electric cars.

Research Points the way to Safer Lithium Batteries – [Link]

Samsung Researchers Nearly Double Lithium-ion Battery Capacity

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by GardenState @ element14.com:

Silicon is receiving considerable attention as an active material for next- generation lithium-ion battery anodes because of its gravimetric capacity–a measure in mAh/g of the total charge capacity stored by the cell or battery, per gram of the battery’s weight.

Unfortunately, the large volume change of silicon during charge–discharge cycles has in the past weakened its competitiveness. Recently, however, a research group from Samsung reported in the publication Nature Communications that using direct graphene growth over silicon nanoparticles without silicon carbide formation resulted in a near doubling of run-time by expanding energy density– the amount of stored power in a given area — to 1.8 times that of current batteries.

Samsung Researchers Nearly Double Lithium-ion Battery Capacity – [Link]

IC manages battery-backup systems

4040

Housed in a low-profile 24-pin QFN package, the LTC4040 from Linear Technology is a 2.5-A lithium-battery–backup power-management system for 3.5-V to 5-V supply rails that must be kept active during a main power failure. The device uses an on-chip bidirectional synchronous converter to provide high-efficiency battery charging, as well as high-current, high-efficiency backup power.

When external power is available, the LTC4040 operates as a step-down battery charger for single-cell lithium ion or lithium iron phosphate batteries, while giving preference to the system load. When the input supply drops below the adjustable power-fail-input threshold, the LTC4040 operates as a step-up regulator capable of delivering up to 2.5 A to the system output from the backup battery. In the event of a power failure, the part provides reverse blocking and a seamless switchover between input power and backup power.

IC manages battery-backup systems – [Link]

Charging batteries rapidly and safely

F1x600

by Steve Taranovich @ edn.com

Any hobbyist can charge a battery quickly, but can you do it without an explosion, excessive heating or major degradation in battery cycle life?

Well many companies have managed fast charging techniques that typically use specialized algorithms. These algorithms take into account the chemistry of the battery and some sort of non-standard charging rate curve. Many device manufacturers and wireless operators are now providing a minimum two-year warranty on smart phone devices setting 800 cycles as the battery cycle life of the battery.

Charging batteries rapidly and safely – [Link]

Single-cell 5-A Li-Ion battery charger with MaxCharge™ technology

 

BQ25890

TI’s new bq25890, bq25892, and bq25895 5A chargers with TI’s MaxCharge™ technology charge your mobile device faster while keeping your device cooler. The switch-mode chargers can charge a 1-S Li-Ion cell to 80% capacity in 30 minutes, while traditional devices only reach 30%. The I2C-controlled chargers’ high efficiency and thermal management result in the fastest, safest and coolest charging capability.

Key features and benefits

  • Fast charging to high capacity battery with up to 5A high charging current
  • Optimized for high voltage input: >91% charging efficiency at 3A with 9V input
  • Innovative Input Current Optimizer (ICO) to maximize input power without overloading adapter
  • Resistance compensation from charger output to cell terminal to enhance power delivery to battery
  • Integrated ADC for charging system monitoring

Single-cell 5-A Li-Ion battery charger with MaxCharge™ technology – [Link]