Tag Archives: Switching

Automatic Light Switching System with Dimmer

Manual switching of outdoor lights in houses or roadways can be sometimes really inconvenient especially when we are far away or still at work. Sometimes this becomes an opportunity for thieves to infiltrate houses or a possibility of accident in roadways if night comes and our outdoor lights are still OFF. That is why the goal of this circuit is to automatically switch ON outdoor lights when it senses that it is getting dark and switch OFF lights when it’s daytime.

This type of light switching system is what we can usually see installed in streetlights or houses that are implementing automatic switching of outdoor lights. The system is not just limited to switching ON/OFF lights, it can also adjust the brightness of the lights so that it can just supply the right amount of luminance on the area required. This system is composed of a photocell, a receptacle, a ballast (with dimming control), and a lamp powered by the 220VAC mains. The photocell measures the light intensity level in an area and sends this data in a form of voltages (ranging from 0-10VDC) for the dimming control of the ballast. Based on the level of light intensity sensed by the photocell, the ballast will adjust the brightness of the lamp.

The whole system is supported by the TE Connectivity dimming receptacle 2213362-1. The photocell and ballast are connected through this receptacle. This dimming receptacle supports ANSI standard dimmable photocells with 5 positions (3 power contacts and 2 dimming signal contacts). Its power contacts can handle voltages up to 480V AC/DC provided that the maximum current passing through it will not exceed 15A. The dimming contacts of this receptacle supports 0-10VDC dimming method with a maximum current of 0.10A

Automatic Light Switching System with Dimmer – [Link]

How to control LM2596 buck-converter with microcontroller

by hugatry @ hackvlog.com:

Every now and then someone asks on different forums if there is an way to control cheap LM2596 modules with an Arduino or another microcontroller. I decided to demonstrate one solution that might be basic electronics for some, but still many don’t know about.

Those buck converters will change the output voltage to make the feedback pin, connected to the output via a voltage divider, become 1.25V or so. If feedback is higher, output gets lower and vice versa. If one changes the ratio of resistors in voltage divider, output voltage will change. This is usually done by turning a trimmer resistor with a screwdriver. That is good enough for many applications where voltage will be set only once, but sometimes there is a need to adjust the output voltage more frequently.

How to control LM2596 buck-converter with microcontroller – [Link]

Buck-boost regulator achieves high efficiency


by Susan Nordyk @ edn.com:

Using adaptive current-limit PFM (pulse frequency modulation) control, the ISL9120 switching regulator from Intersil realizes efficiencies of up to 98%, while automatically transitioning between buck and boost modes without significant output disturbance. The part accommodates a wide input voltage range of 1.8 V to 5.5 V and has an adjustable output voltage range of 1 V to 5.2 V for use with multiple power rails. It is capable of delivering up to 800 mA of output current (VIN = 2.5 V, VOUT = 3.3 V).

Buck-boost regulator achieves high efficiency – [Link]

LM2596 DC-DC Converter Module Testing


by Kerry D. Wong:

LM2596 based step-down DC-DC converter modules can be bought on eBay quite cheaply for around a dollar each. But how do they perform? Is it safe to use it to power your design? Let’s find out.

According to TI’s website, these LM2596 step-down (buck) regulators are sold for $1.8 each for a quantity of a thousand. So how a finished converter could be sold for just above a dollar each is quite a mystery to me. Anyway, the picture below is the board I received. It appears that there are a few variations to this design (slightly different inductor size or capacitor size/voltage rating, etc.) but they all are largely based on the reference design.

LM2596 DC-DC Converter Module Testing – [Link]

Buck converter is pin-programmable


by Susan Nordyk @ edn.com:

Housed in a tiny 3×3-mm QFN package, the MIC24046-H synchronous step-down regulator from Micrel offers efficiency of greater than 90% peak and pin-selectable output voltage, switching frequency, and current limit. A wide input voltage range of 4.5 V to 19 V makes the part useful for distributed 12-V point-of-load applications.

The switching frequency of the MIC24046-H can be programmed to one of three options: 400 kHz, 565 kHz, or 790 kHz. Programmable output-voltage choices include 0.7 V, 0.8 V, 0.9 V, 1.0 V, 1.2 V, 1.5 V, 1.8 V, 2.5 V, and 3.3 V, while an internal divider is used to achieve ±1% voltage-output accuracy. The current limit of the regulator can be programmed to 3 A, 4 A, or 5 A.

Buck converter is pin-programmable – [Link]

Simplify DC-DC Converter Characterization


by Mary Anne Tupta @ edn.com:

DC-DC converters are widely used components that convert DC power from one voltage to another, producing a regulated output voltage. These devices are used in many electronic products, including laptops, mobile phones, and instrumentation. Like any device, DC-DC converters need to be characterized by manufacturers and by engineers evaluating them for a design.

Given the increased pressure to develop products that consume less power, design engineers are looking for ways to increase power conversion efficiencies. Thus, numerous measurements are required to characterize the electrical parameters of DC-DC converters.

Simplify DC-DC Converter Characterization – [Link]

LM5160A Wide Input 65V, 1.5A Synchronous Buck / Fly-Buck™ Converter


TI introduces industry's first 65-V synchronous step-down converter with Fly-Buck(TM) capability (PRNewsFoto/Texas Instruments)
TI introduces industry’s first 65-V synchronous step-down converter with Fly-Buck(TM) capability (PRNewsFoto/Texas Instruments)

LM5160A 65V, 1.5A synchronous buck converter with integrated high-side and low-side MOSFETs is the industry’s highest power synchronous buck regulator and supports TI’s innovative Fly-Buck™ topology to deliver isolated bias supplies up to 15W with no opto-isolator.

LM5160A offers great flexibility which enables direct point-of-load regulation from a wide input voltage range of 4.5V to 65V and also simplifies isolated DC/DC designs by enabling very good output regulation with no opto-coupler required.

LM5160A Wide Input 65V, 1.5A Synchronous Buck / Fly-Buck™ Converter – [Link]

LT8616 – Dual 42V Synchronous Monolithic Step-Down Regulator with 6.5μA Quiescent Current



The LT8616 is a high efficiency dual synchronous monolithic step-down switching regulator with an input voltage range of 3.4V to 42V. Its dual channel design delivers independent 2.5A and 1.5A continuous current to outputs as low as 0.8V. A dual channel synchronous rectification topology delivers up to 95% efficiency while Burst Mode operation keeps quiescent current under 6.5μA (both channels enabled) in no-load standby conditions, making it ideal for always-on systems. Switching frequency can be programmed from 200kHz to 3MHz and is synchronizable throughout this range. The LT8616’s 35ns minimum on-time enables 16V to 1.8V step-down conversions, while switching at 2MHz helps designers avoid critical noise-sensitive frequency bands, such as AM radio while having a very compact solution footprint.

LT8616 – Dual 42V Synchronous Monolithic Step-Down Regulator with 6.5μA Quiescent Current – [Link]

600 mA Constant On-Time Buck Regulator


The LM5017 is a 600 mA constant on-time synchronous buck regulator with built-in high side and low side MOSFETs. This device has a wide input voltage range from 7. 5 V to 100 V. The constant on-time control scheme used in this device doesn’t need loop compensation, delivers excellent transient response, and enables very high step-down ratios. The on-time varies inversely with the input voltage resulting in nearly constant frequency over the input voltage range. A high voltage startup regulator provides bias power for internal operation of the IC and for integrated gate drivers.

600 mA Constant On-Time Buck Regulator – [Link]

Buck Converter (DC-DC)


by xKOBAYASHIMARUx @ instructables.com:

Buck Converters are great! I use them all over the place in many of my nerdy, techy, geeky hobbiest projects. They also can commonly be referred to by other names, a DC-DC converter or a switching regulator. Essentially what it does is take some higher voltage in (higher than what you want for your project), chops it up, and pieces together a lower voltage. It might help to think of it as a transformer for DC circuits… only without the giant iron block… and without the long coils of wire… and with only 3 pins.

Buck Converter (DC-DC) – [Link]