John Boxall over at Tronixstuff has a series of Arduino tutorials. This chapter fifty-three of a series will show you how to use the TI ADS1110 16-bit ADC with Arduino:
Moving on from the last chapter where we explained an 8-bit ADC, in this instalment we have the Texas Instruments ADS1110 – an incredibly tiny but useful 16-bit analogue-to-digital converter IC. It can operate between 2.7 and 5.5 V so it’s also fine for Arduino Due and other lower-voltage development boards. This is a quick guide to get you going with the ADS1110 ready for further applications.
Tutorial – Arduino and the TI ADS1110 16-bit ADC – [Link]