Electronics-Lab.com Community

# evengravy

Members

33

Never

0

1. ## Help with voltage conversion

Hi I am creating a project with the new arduino due and I need to convert the voltage output (0.55v to 2.75v) from the DAC into a range that is linear from -5v to +5v I have looked through national semi app note 31 and in the upper right corner of page 6 there is a circuit for voltage conversion but I'm really stuck of where to go from here, I have no idea how to calculate the offset I need and the gain required. http://www.ti.com/ww/en/bobpease/assets/AN-31.pdf I have an accurate and stable +10v and -10v supply to work with, Can anyone help? I'd really appreciate any input, Thanks and regards
2. ## Help with a Tube EQ circuit

Hi, I have been given a circuit diagram of a tube based EQ unit and I need some help if anyone could help me I'd be gratefull. Basically the circuit is in two parts a Tube base amplification stage and a "passive" inductor based EQ circuit that "appears to me" to be in the feedback path of the Tube amplification stage allowing for both boost's and cuts to be applied at the set frequency ranges. The EQ section is fairly well understood and I have worked out the multi tapped inductor values based on the given frequencies and capacitor values. I am having some issue understanding the Tube topology however, I am not at all experienced with Tube designs. My initial analysis from staring at the circuit for some time now is that the tube amp circuit is essentially forming an op amp. What I would like to do is replicate the EQ unit but replacing the Tube amp stage with a solid state amplification stage keeping the EQ pretty much as is. Could anyone help me understand how to do so? could I possibly use standard opamps in some configuration? or could someone help me "decode" the circuit so that it could be replaced with BJT's of JFet stages? Sorry for the long post, thanks in advanced, even
3. ## hv transformer wiring

hero, thanks very much, even
4. ## hv transformer wiring

Thanks hero, I've been working with hv dc ozone up until now so sorry for the confusion, just so I'm clear could you check my wiring diagram? Thanks, even
5. ## hv transformer wiring

thanks hero, one question, does it matter which wire of the secondary is grounded? there are no markings on the secondary wires at all, and they are both the same colour. am I correct in thinking one secondary wire is + and one - that should be grounded? if so how would I identify which is +? my thinking is that the turns ratio is 1:13 so if I apply mains voltage to the secondary side and measure the primary side as it produces a safer measurable voltage this way, I can determine the + and - wires on the secondary. Not sure if this is even necessary? Thanks, even
6. ## hv transformer wiring

My current thinking is to wire the secondary to the electrode like the image attached, Since one side of the secondary is contained within a sealed pyrex tube I am presuming this is correct but I would appreciate input/corrections, thanks.
7. ## hv transformer wiring

hi, I am building an ozone generator using a high voltage neon sign transformer and I am a little unsure of wiring. The transformer I have is brand new and runs off 230v and produces [email protected] I want to be 100% sure of how to wire this safely for obvious reason so I would appreciate your assistance guys/gals. Basically the nst that I have bought is like in the image attached. The ozone generator electrodes will consist of a scroll of stainless steel mesh that is pushed into a Pyrex test-tube where it unfurls against the walls and a lug on the end makes connection to the circuit through a nut and bolt through the screw-on lid. A stainless steel mesh tube on the outside of the test-tube acts as the other mesh electrode and is connected to ground via the terry clip mountings that hold the assembly in place. The secondary side of my transformer is not marked, do I simply ground one side of the secondary (which will be the outer electrode) and tie this to the case also?

"A mic preamp used an input transformer about 30 years ago but now they use an electronic circuit." Yea, I understand what you mean but there is a certain tonal advantage to using a transformer also, I see what you are saying about the impedance, adding a transformer would be wasting the high input impedance of the Jfet, If I were to choose a transformer however what specs would be suitable? impedance in/out and ratio however, in order to achieve the electrical balancing, could I use similar spec matched jfet pair (2SK-369) and the same circuit doubled, one circuit for positive input and one for the negative? then merely add phantom power and dc blocking caps to the input?

audioguru: "its input impedance is 10M ohms so why ruin it with an input transformer" I really need to make this ciruit balanced and add to add phantom power, which is why I thought of adding a transformer, is there another simple way of achieving these functions without the input transformer? I know that it is possible to add dc blocking caps to allow phantom power to be blocked from entering the input, but is there a way to work with the balanced input that emulates the transformer function. even.

thanks again hero999, even

I think I may have been wrong with the output impedance values that I posted, basically the circuit (well two in series will make up the mic pre) will need to be suitable for connection to a line level mixer, after some more reading it seems as if "The impedance of the line input is high -- about 10K to 1 Meg ohms" http://www.tape.com/resource/impedance.html

so, if i understand what you're saying correctly I need to increase current through q4 such that it can drive the low impedance load but such that it is low enough so as it wont overheat. Is this correct? I have no idea how to go about running output impedance simulation, I am using multisim. also in regard to the input transformer, I understand that the input impedance is high with the jfet input, but i'm unsure how to add phantom power using dc blocking capacitors, this is why I thought a transformer would be easier, but i'll scratch that idea. thanks guys.

I know it has been a while since I posted on this circuit but I have been flat out with other projects until now, so, I have modified the circuit to include diodes between the base of Q4 and ground as you suggested and this has reduced the current to just below 6ma, I'm not sure how to simulate for output impedence, It will need to drive a 600ohm load max (i think around 75Ω @1kHz) how would I go about simulating for this, I have been searching online for answers but I can't seem to find any relative info. any help is greatly appreciated, also the ac coupling hasn't been added as I intend to incorporate a transformer on the input, I will get to changing this and the bias resistor values soon.