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Everything posted by HarryA

  1. If you use a 12v and 3 ampere charger that would require a little over 36 watts. A 12v and 1 ampere charger would be about 12+ watts. That would be less load on the power supply. Assuming the power supply is the limiting factor here. The slower charge rate would not be a problem if you do not have power outages more than once a day?
  2. If you do not see the 8.4 volts at the 5v to 12v converter it suggest that the power supply has gone into a thermal overload state. Perhaps due to the drain from the charger. Switching it off resets it perhaps.
  3. The meter needs calibration. My AstroAl M2KOR has for DC current: accuracy +/- ( 1.2% rdg + 5 dgts). Whatever that means. Also "when large currents are measured the continuous measurement should not exceed 15 seconds".
  4. My old Scope multimeter has a 0.01 ohm shunt resistor in the 10 ampere circuit going by the schematic. That is not much of an intrusion into a circuit. I would think the analog meter is most likely the most accurate meter in your case. What does the clamp on meter give you? Knowing the on and off time of the pulses one could calculate the peak current from the one ampere reading?
  5. This is easier to do today with microcontollers like the Arduino UNO for example. Else you can fabricate it from logic circuits using a number of timers like the MC1455 (a newer NE555). I can help you with either approach but recommend the microcontroller. If you are not familiar with them it would be a good project to learn on. You will notice there are a lot of solar trackers on Ebay for less cost then to make one.
  6. "none of those circuits are the one I posted with the pnp transistor connected to the gate. " How about this one? With thanks to homemade-circuits.com In LTspice simulation all I ever get is the TRIAC off or fully on. As there is no phase control, because there is no relationship between the transistor and the AC supply. It simple allows the TRIAC to conduct or not. In theory you can connect the transistor to your microcontroller and use the circuit as a replacement for a mechanical relay. There is a problem with the lack of isolation from the ac mains. That is why optical isolators are used.
  7. See figure 5 here for similar circuit: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/simple-triac-triggering-circuits-explained/
  8. You are starting with a very primitive circuit. There are many complete TRIAC circuits to be had via internet search. LTspice does not have a TRIAC model because Analog does not manufacture them. If you search on TRIAC on Youtube.com you will find numerous videos on the subject. This one has information on finding and download a TRIAC model for LTspice. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lRz1gql-BWw Expand the 'show more'. Also missing are the requirements for your circuit; 1 amp or a 100amp?.
  9. There are numerous videos on Youtube on uploading to the Atmega328. This video has three ways to up load to the Atmegs328. Two methods use a UNO and one using the FTDI. The second method using the UNO gives one insight into how the loading process works. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sww1mek5rHU Also this one uses the FTDI and uploads as an UNO board (if I put the url in here even as text the stupid video gets inserted here and I see no way to delete it). Search on " 1-Day Project: Build Your Own Arduino UNO for $5 " on Youtube. Some of these may give you insight to your problem. The circuit from the article may not be the best. Seeing what circuits they use maybe helpful. I am having a $%^*& time with this post! This my third attempt.
  10. It is not clear to me what you are trying to do. You say " I have been using the nano board for a long time now ". So you must have loaded programs into it? The Nano uses the ATmega328 the same AVR as the Uno. "Tried picking Uno board in tools menu". ? The Nano board is listed in the list of boards in the IDE is it not? https://docs.arduino.cc/hardware/nano "follow the links to the page that starts with; " Installing the AVR core The classic Arduino boards, including the favorites UNO, Nano and Mega, requires the AVR core to be installed to compile and upload sketches to your board. Fortunately, the classic IDE comes with the AVR core already pre-installed. This means that we only need to download and install the editor to start using our Arduino products.
  11. https://components101.com/sites/default/files/component_datasheet/AT89C51.pdf
  12. see recent post https://www.electronics-lab.com/community/index.php?/topic/48683-programming-the-atmega-328p-microcontroller-previous-article-on-this-subject/#comment-166370 I do not know anything about the Jaycar; sorry can not help you there. I just use the Arduino IDE. By the way there is a new version of the IDE; version 2.0 For those folks that use the IDE.
  13. If you look in the IDE at [tools] -> boards you will see the Nano and the Duemilanove. You will not see the port listed until you select the board and have a board or adapter connected. The Meg2560 has a different AVR microcontroller; an ATmega2560. If you search on Youtube for the FT232RL (the USB to serial/TTL Adapter) you will find numerous videos. Speaking of ports, the current port is shown in the IDE in [Tools] also in the Preferences file. The Preferences file can be found [file] -> Preferences. That brings up a pop up window containing the path to the file. Near the bottom of the file can be seen the comport listed in two places. Also in the Device Manager it is listed under Ports(COM & LPT). Device Manager is via [Windows] + [x]. Sometimes you can edit the Preferences file to bring the comport inline with the device port iIf the IDE gets confused. You may know this but others may not. (I screwed up the fonts by cut and past again)
  14. "What is the board type?" Note: when programming the Atmega328p MCU using the Arduino IDE, the matching board type you have to select is the “Arduino Duemilanove or Nano w/ ATmega328” board. :What port would this be? I take it to be the comport related to the IDE and PC. Shown in [tools] menu of the IDE. Connected to pins: 1,2,& 3 on the ATmega32 chip. https://www.electronics-lab.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/programming-Uno-on-breadboard.png For others the article is here: https://www.electronics-lab.com/project/programming-atmega328p-microcontroller-with-arduino-ide/
  15. In LTspice on selecting components open the directory [Power Products] in the listing find LTC3705 when you click on it you will see "Open this macromodel's example circuit" that will display the circuit. You can select RUN and the output display will come up. You can poke around the circuit with the "red probe" and see the various wave forms are there. You may know this already but other reads may not. Perhaps if you click on some other types there you will find more converters of interest; as it displays a brief description of each. The Analog site listed above is is busted. I got in once but never again. But if you search on LTC3703 off that page you will get some links that look like they may be helpful. This link seems to work. Gets you to where you can enter you requirements. https://www.analog.com/en/product-category/step-down-buck-regulators.html
  16. " {Bluetooth} It is mainly used as an alternative to wire connections, to exchange files between nearby portable devices and connect cell phones and music players with wireless headphones." You may violate some code of ethics by connecting two Bluetooth devices together by wire. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluetooth One needs to know what type of devices you are using to have any idea how to interconnect them. If they have speakers or phone connections that would be a start. Class 1 Bluetooth devices have a range of about 100 meters.
  17. As this chip is made by Analog and Analog owns LTspice simulator the circuit appears in the simulator and can be explored there. The circuit there is slightly different. Note it uses the FDS6680A mosfets. If you want 10 amperes make sure the mosfets can handle the current. Go here and put in your requirements then you will see some 10 ampere chips: https://www.analog.com/en/parametricsearch/11491#/p5573=min|24&p5574=100|max&p5347=min|12&p5357=12|max&p5349=10|240&qsfv=vinmin|24_vinmax|100_vout|12_iout|10&p5362=Buck
  18. There is a lot to designing a dc to dc buck converter. For example see: https://www.maximintegrated.com/en/design/technical-documents/tutorials/2/2031.html You can buy one for far less than the cost of the parts to build one. See: https://www.amazon.com/Aceirmc-Converter-Adjustable-Regulator-Protection/dp/B0823MM1DV/ref=sr_1_6?crid=1AB7YZ4O9O8B0 You may find complete circuits on the internet. The inductor is the tricky part . What to use as a core and how to wind it for 20 amperes.
  19. "My inverter is not same to the real inverter working principle" What does your inverter look like? Schematic diagram? "Is there anyone suggest me a diagram for inverter" What type of inverter are your trying to build? Are you looking for 12 volts dc to 120/220 volts ac for example?
  20. "scan picc to see uid, sak, type, and data blocks." huh? The mfrc522 supports three interfaces: • Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) • Serial UART (similar to RS232 with voltage levels dependant on pin voltage supply) • I2C-bus interface Which one are you using? What software are you using?
  21. Here are a couple of circuits that maybe helpful: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/dog-barking-preventer-circuit/#:~:text=Referring to the above shown dog bark inhibitor,using the IC2 and the speaker driver stage. and: https://www.electroschematics.com/dog-repellent-circuit/ Perhaps a piezoelectric transducer would be louder than a speaker. Would require a different driver circuit. I used a device that women carry for protection that contains a piezoelectric transducer in my cat detector. That is in the lower audio range of cause. It's very loud. I gather they work well in the ultrasonic range as they are used in ultrasonic cleaners.
  22. There are a number of videos on Youtube related to auto clickers. For example see: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSIGtU-AXDk
  23. Pack of 5, T630mA250V, T630mA 250V, T630m 250V Cartridge Ceramic Fuses 5X20mm see for example: https://www.ebay.com/itm/151136254075?chn=ps&norover=1&mkevt=1&mkrid=711-213727-13078-0 T for time delay? From Amazon.com: Pack of 5, T630mAL250V, T630mA 250V, T630mL250V Cartridge Glass Fuses 5X20mm (3/16" X 3/4"), 630mA 250V, Slow-Blow (Time Delay)
  24. Looking on Ebay you see G04N60 from China. Not much help. Searching on A1F02LSIN takes you to this site; not very helpful but more interesting. https://www.barenecessities.com/product.aspx?pfid=Empreinte07151&cm_mmc=BPLA_NonBrand-_-Bra-_-Empreinte422-_-Empreinte07151&
  25. Do you think it is a D6Gi1K or D6GiLK ? After the G it looks like an aye i gather. Not even close: http://twitpic.com/d6gilk SOT323 is a SMD package type; it has only three leads. Often a transistor.
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