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# 0-30V Stabilized Power Supply

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But I don't know to make this conversion to have the results for the Hfe (159-180 Hfe - 2,5mA) under 1,5A.

I always design circuits so that any transistor that meets the minimum or maximum spec's works fine.
Are you designing the circuit so it only works with the transistors you measured then it might not work if a transistor is replaced?

The minimum hFE is 20 at 4A. The datasheet has a typical curve where the hFE is 35 at 4A and is about 80 at 1.6A. The curve does not show below 100mA. Then the minimum hFE at 1.6A is 80/35 x 20= 45.7. Then the max collector current in the BD139 is 5A/45.7= 109.4mA and it will get very hot when the output is 5A and the voltage is low or is shorted.

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Erivanst, do you find the Atmega8 smd version for the LCD Multimeter?

Bugmenot, I didn
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• 2 weeks later...

Hi! I've built this psu and it works great :D
but I was wondering why is R22 (in the latest schematic) a 1W resistor? ??? From my standpoint is just a current limiting resistor for the led, isn't it?
and are 2W resistors enough in each power transistors emitter ? i've put 5w to be sure.

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Hi Dracu,

R22 dissipated almost 1/2W when the transformer was 30VAC and the 10V zener diode was not installed. Now it can be a little 1/4W resistor.

It is easy to calculate the power in a resistor. The 0.33 ohm emitter resistors have a max current of 1.5A. Then they dissipate (1.5A squared) x 0.33 ohms= 0.74W. A 1W resistor will be pretty darn hot so use 2W resistors.

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Hi all.
My friend build the original version of this project thats don't work, like you guys sad many times here.
So is there any way to fix it, to replace any component with new one?
Or can anyone post new shematic and part list?
Cheers.

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We have posted the latest circuit and parts list millions of times on these forums.

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Hi miske  Take a look at the first post in this thread

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Hi to everyone, I'm planing to build an 5 amps version, with TLE2141 and 3X MJ11016, first question to audiguru how many MJ11016 to use , 2 or 3, and my transformer has an output of 31 volt AC without a load i was wondering is it to much is  there some risk for OP amplifiers ( with 31 AC) and finally i have 2 capacitors with 10.000 mF should i use them both or one is just enough.
Im planing to build acording to this schematic and scech.

PS_Parts_List_10-11-091.pdf

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Hi Mendimano,
Your transformer is 30V when at its max rated load. Then its peak voltage is 42.4V and the bridge rectifier drops it to 40.4V. The ripple in the filter capacitor drops it to 39.4V.
The voltage across R7 is 1.35V and the voltage across each 0.33 ohm emitter resistor for the output transistors is 0.825V so when the output voltage is set very low or is shorted and the current is set to 5A then the output transistors have 37.2V across them. If two output transistors are used then each one has a current of 2.5A and dissipates 37.2V x 2.5A= 93W!
If 3 output transistors are used then each dissipates 62W.

Your transistors are rated at 200W only when their case is cooled to 25 degrees C somehow (liquid nitrogen?) and their chip is at the max allowed temperature.

At 62W the heatsink for each transistor will be pretty big and might need a fan. You probably will not find a single heatsink big enough for all 3 transistors.

Without a load your transformer is 31VAC. It produces a positive unregulated supply of 42.4VDC.
But the opamps have a max allowed supply of 44V so they are fine.

Use both 10,000uf capacitors in parallel.

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Thanx Audioguru for that clear answer, im posting the photo of heatsink that im planing to built, what do you think is it big enough? or stil i have to put some fan (fans) to reduce enough  heat from  tranzistors

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Heatsinks that are made by heatsink manufacturers have datasheets that detail their "thermal resistance" spec'd so you can calculate the chip temperature of the transistor at various dissipations. They are usually anodized black to radiate heat better.

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Hi Dracu,

R22 dissipated almost 1/2W when the transformer was 30VAC and the 10V zener diode was not installed. Now it can be a little 1/4W resistor.

It is easy to calculate the power in a resistor. The 0.33 ohm emitter resistors have a max current of 1.5A. Then they dissipate (1.5A squared) x 0.33 ohms= 0.74W. A 1W resistor will be pretty darn hot so use 2W resistors.

I have modified the schematic and the part list. It now has R22 at 1/4W, then i gave names to the emitter resistors and put their values in the parts list, the same with the 10v zener and D7.
Hope no one minds. :P

Thanks, Dracu.
I saved them.

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Finally connected up m ypower supply unfortunately it is not working,
Measuring from Ground, using a 29.4 volt transformer 4 A.
I am getting an input to R1 of 41V, how ever i am also getting this 41V at the output,
Measuring voltage pot, i am getting  a range from 1.1V up to 10.86V.
I am reading 1.082 V across R5+R6, 0.541 across R5.

Some how the input voltage is going straight through to the output?
Has anyone got any ideas or suggestions. Email me back for further information.
I am using th PCB recieved from Red wire so that is definetly ok.

Cheers
Really need some help guys

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Current limiting LED is always on,
U2 heats up as well ,

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Ho No Worries,
The output transistors or driver transistor are shorted or have their pins mixed up.
The current-limiting LED should not be turned on when there is no load so it is another problem.

The voltage pot should have an output from 0V to 11.2V.

R5 plus R6 should have 11.2V. R5 should have 5.6V.

Did you make the latest circuit with its parts?

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Thanks audio guru i will recheck the pins of the output transistors, and ill let you know how i got on, yes it is the latest parts list + Schematic
Cheers

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Hi noworries2004.

Knowing that you are using a pcb that has been comercially produced , its got to be the output transistors.  Are you using the BD139 with the metal tab facing you as shown in the pictures on the 1st page.  I guess you are trying this with one output transistor until you get things going?

To help with transistor setup-from the attached photo
1.  The blue wire is attached to the transistor base and pin 8 on your pcb.
2.  Pin 7A or 7 on the pcb needs to connect to the collector of the transistor.  On the pcb photo it is black with a red stripe.  On the transistor photo is black)
3.  Emitter: (red wire on the transistor photo, Yellow wire on the pcb photo) The wire from the emitter resistor should branch off  with two wires athough only one is shown in the transistor picture, with one connecting to Pins 1 or 3 of the PCB (shown as yellow) the other wire is your output.

make sure you print out the data sheet to get the pins correct.

hope this helps

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I have checked the power transistors but i am still getting 41v at the output,
I used a single power transistor but still no joy,
How can i check if the power transistors are blown?

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The driver transistor and the output transistor are simple emitter-followers.
The base voltage is the input and the emitter voltage is the output which is about 0.7V less than the base voltage if the project has a load of about 100mA.
The collectors of the transistors are connected to +41V so if a transistor is shorted from collector to emitter then the output will always be at or near +41V.

If a transistor is shorted from base to collector then it will always be turned on and the output will always be near +41V.

Remove a transistor from the circuit and use an ohm-meter to see if it is shorted.

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noworries2004,     audioguru

To isolate the problem couldn't noworries simply remove the output transistor then connect a multimeter to the emitter of the driver resistor- BD139 (PIN Eight) and the other lead on PIN 4( ground) and adjust the voltage pot.  Wouldn't the voltage range vary between 0 and 40V?  This would let him know if everything else is working.   I'm guessing the lack of feedback voltage wouldn't be a problem.

noworries could you send a picture of your completed pcb board?   Perhaps I could spot something compared to mine.

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Without any negative feedback then opamp U2 will have a input voltage but no output feedback so its gain of about 200,000 will force its output as high as it can go.

Remove the output transistors then short their base-emitter terminals for the driver transistor and U2 to work properly and drive a high resistance load.

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Please find the enclosed pics of my project, problem still exists

some more pics

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\Audioguru following reststances were taken between collector, base emmitter
collector - base  0L
Base - emmitter  0L
Collector - emitter 2.341 M Ohms

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