High Voltage-Current Half Bridge Driver Using IR2153 & IGBT

  • Rajkumar Sharma
  • 46738
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  • medium
  • Tested

IGBT based half bridge board has been designed for multiple applications, like induction heater driver, tesla coil driver, DC-DC converters, SMPS etc. High current and high voltage IGBTs are used to serve high power requirements.

IGBT NGTB40N120FL2WG from ON semi and IR2153 from Infineon semiconductor are important parts of the circuit, IR2153 is a gate driver IC including inbuilt oscillator, 40A/1200V IGBT can handle large current.  Gate driver circuit works with 15V DC and load supply 60V DC to 400V DC.

The IR2153D(S) are an improved version of the Popular IR2155 and IR2151 gate driver ICs, and incorporate a high voltage half-bridge gate driver with a front end oscillator similar to the industry standard CMO 555 timer. The IR2153 provides more functionality and is easier to use than previous ICs. A shutdown feature has been designed into the CT pin, so that both gate driver outputs can be disabled using a low voltage control signal. In addition, the gate driver output pulse widths are the same once the rising under voltage lockout threshold on VCC has been reached, resulting in a more stable profile of frequency vs time at startup. Noise immunity has been improved significantly, both by lowering the peak di/dt of the gate drivers, and by increasing the under voltage lockout hysteresis to 1V. Finally, special attention has been played to maximizing the latch immunity of the device, and providing comprehensive ESD protection on all pins.

Oscillation frequency adjustable by onboard Trimmer potentiometer, frequency spans approx. 12 KHz to 100 KHz, duty cycle 50%.

400V – 5A Power Supply For Brushless Motor Drivers is a suitable power supply for this driver.

Please take appropriate precautions as this project uses lethal voltages!

Notes

  • Note 1: The circuit is provided with few extra components which may be used as per application requirement other components can be omitted as stated in BOM
  • Note 2: Frequency span is determined by CT Capacitor (C8) and Trimmer Pot value, refer to datasheet for appropriate value for required frequency span. C8 1Kpf, R5=7k5 and PR1=50K provide frequency span 12 kHz to 100 kHz.
  • Note 3:  Other Mosfet or IGBT can be used as per your current and voltage requirement.
  • Note 4: This board can also be used as half-bridge using IR2101 and MOSFET with High PWM Pulse and Low PWM Pulse input or IR2104 with single PWM pulse. Header CN3 provides input Pin1 HIN and Pin2 LIN for that purpose. Omit following components R5, PR1, C8 to use with IR2101/IR2105.
  • Note 5: IGBTs require large size heat sink.

Features

  • Load Supply 60V to 400V DC
  • Gate Driver Supply 15V DC
  • Frequency Span 12 KHz to 100 KHz, Other frequency range possible, alter R5, PR1, C8
  • Duty Cycle Approx. 50%
  • PR1: Trimmer Potentiometer to set the frequency
  • CN3: Logic Supply 15V DC
  • CN1: Supply DC Input
  • CN2 : L1 Load

Schematic

Tesla Coil Example

Schematic with PSU

Parts List

Connections

Photos

IR2153 Datasheet

ir2153

IR2101/IR2102 Datasheet

ir2101

PCB

Comments

  • Could you advice about Omit part list?
    R2,3,6,7
    C4,6,7
    How to calculate it?
    Thank you.

    2 years ago
    • admin

      There is no need to place those components. You can discard them.

      2 years ago
  • Idris Kaka

    Dear I need this Circuit 2Pcs. Kindly give me contact details.

    2 years ago
    • admin

      We can manufacture this project for you if order quantity is >25 pieces. Otherwise you should build it your self.

      2 years ago
      • Idris Kaka

        My customer need only 2 pieces for test. If OK then I will buy as your MOQ.

        2 years ago
        • admin

          We are able to sell 2 pieces. Please use the contact form above to email us.

          2 years ago
          • Idris Kaka

            Dear I can’t see your contact. Could you send email to idriskaka@gmail.com

            Thanks

            2 years ago
          • admin

            Please use the contact form from the top menu. I tried to email you, but no luck.

            2 years ago
          • Lehel

            Hello. Please send me a price for 2 pcs.

            Mail: lehel2002@yahoo.com

            Thanks!

            3 months ago
      • Kenan

        Dear sir,
        I need 6 kw induction heater board with heater coil. It has to be work directly. No need time setting. Output frequency is 15-20 khz. İnput 220 vac 50hz monophase. This system has to heat 80 litres water fastly. (The water is turning continiously via circulation pump with pipe (steel). 5 C to 80 C.
        Can you supply this sysems for me or have you any suggestion. İf you can please quote the price.
        Regards.

        1 year ago
  • Tinashe

    Hie Admin. Thank you so much for the post.

    I wish to know how I can modify the circuit so that I use it for halfbridge resonant inverter for a domestic induction cooker, and how I can incorporate a microcontroller like arduino for the control and power level adjustments.

    2 years ago
  • Daniel Talbot

    Hello Mike,
    How much for 25 pieces sent to Canada?

    2 years ago
    • admin

      Please email us using the contact form above.

      1 year ago
  • what is 1/2V?

    1 year ago
    • admin

      1/2V is basivally the GND reference for the output voltages.

      1 year ago
  • teslator

    Hi, EL-team,
    may I get this 1µ 450v caps from you?
    Are they usable up to 300 kc ?
    If 2 times yes, which procedere, which price for 10 pcs?
    *HAGT*
    Teslator

    1 year ago
    • The capacitor you mention is 22uF/450V, is that what you need?

      1 year ago
  • “OMIT” stands for open circuit or short circuit?

    Thank you

    11 months ago
    • OMIT means you don’t need to place that part, so open circuit.

      11 months ago
  • Omit with shortcircuit or open?

    10 months ago
    • Check for answer above.

      10 months ago
  • UNNIKRISHNAN

    What about the Hin and Lin
    The voltage range,wave form and relation between Hin and Lin

    10 months ago
    • The Hin and Lin are PWM signals to drive high side MOSFET and low side MOSFET in case you want to use IR2101 and MOSFET. Check page 5 of IR2101/IR2102 Datasheet embedded above for timing diagrams.

      10 months ago
  • Zera

    Greetings, currently i am developing an induction heating system based on your design.
      The components that you mention to omit, are from a snubber, right ?, because it seems that in my application if it is required.
      In other order of ideas, in wich program did you develop the pcb? The design is very good, but it is small and because the double layer is difficult to weld. Thanks

    8 months ago
    • Yes, it’s a snubber circuit used to eliminate voltage spikes as the switches goes ON and OFF. It is recommended to be implemented on inductance load. The PCB is developed in Cadece OrCAD and 2 x layers where used to keep overall PCB complexity and size at minimum. If you need a single layer design you will have to design something from scratch.

      8 months ago
  • madmax

    Hi everyone !
    Is this driver IR2153 capable to charge and discharge the gates of IGBT NGTB40N120FL2WG without totem pole transistor ?
    I mean those IGBT have over 7nF input capacitance.

    3 months ago
    • Yep, that’s the purpose of driver IC IR2153D. This is designed for IGBTs and MOSFETs.

      3 months ago
  • Alex

    Hi !
    Would you please share the values for snubber circuit; omitted resistors and capacitors ?
    I intend to drive inductive load – ferrite core. Expected primary current is up to 10A.
    In addition would you please suggest other changes, since my input voltage will be up to +-30V only , oscillator set to 20kHz ? Thank you !

    3 days ago
    • a typical snubber circuit would be 4R7 4W resistor and 4n7 1kV capacitor

      9 hours ago

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