T | L | Δt^{a} | r^{b} | Neutral (s_{0} = 0) | Selective (s_{0} = 0.05) | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Binomial^{c} | Pseudo^{d} | Binomial^{c} | Pseudo^{d} | ||||

[Model 1′]^{e} | |||||||

10 | 2 | 5 | Free | 5.19 | 5.06 | 20.45 | 21.05 |

0.1 | 4.66 | − | 19.90 | − | |||

0.01 | 4.97 | − | 19.33 | − | |||

0 | 5.14 | − | 19.85 | − | |||

20 | 5 | 5 | Free | 5.00 | 4.94 | 36.06 | 36.48 |

0.1 | 4.97 | − | 36.05 | − | |||

0.01 | 4.95 | − | 37.08 | − | |||

0 | 4.84 | − | 35.76 | − | |||

[Model 5′]^{f} | |||||||

5 | 1 | 5 | Free | 5.07 | 5.01 | 8.57 | 8.34 |

0.1 | 4.93 | − | 8.80 | − | |||

0.01 | 5.08 | − | 8.09 | − | |||

0 | 5.41 | − | 8.13 | − | |||

10 | 5 | 2 | Free | 4.59 | 4.99 | 64.32 | 65.73 |

0.1 | 5.27 | − | 64.23 | − | |||

0.01 | 4.80 | − | 62.55 | − | |||

0 | 4.98 | − | 63.21 | − |

Values indicate the rejection rates (%) obtained by 10,000 simulations for binomial sampling or by 100,000 simulations for pseudo-sampling under a nominal significance level of 5%.

The number of reference were

*R*= 10 The initial frequencies for all*R*+ 1 loci,*x*_{h}_{,0}, are assumed to be 0.5.↵a .

↵b

*r*, recombination fraction per generation between two adjacent loci of*R*+ 1 loci. “Free” refers to free recombination.↵c Binomial, the binomial sampling.

↵d Pseudo, the pseudo-sampling method used in this study.

↵e Model 1′, the constant-size model with

*N*= 100.↵f Model 5′, the severe bottleneck model with

*N*(t) reduced to 1/200 of that in Model 5.