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Design and Implementation of a Real-Time Image Processing System using Xilinx Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC

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This project aims to develop a real-time image processing system using the Xilinx Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC XCZU19EG-2FFVC1760I. The system leverages the FPGA fabric and ARM Cortex processors available on the MPSoC to perform image processing tasks efficiently. The project demonstrates how to interface image sensors, process image data in real-time, and display processed results using appropriate peripherals.



The field of image processing is crucial in various applications such as robotics, medical imaging, surveillance, and more. Real-time processing of images requires both high computational power and efficient data handling capabilities. The Xilinx Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC provides a unique advantage with its combination of FPGA for hardware acceleration and ARM processors for general-purpose computing, making it ideal for such applications.


  1. To design a system capable of capturing images from a camera module.
  2. To implement real-time image processing algorithms on the FPGA fabric.
  3. To utilize ARM Cortex processors for interfacing, control, and display purposes.
  4. To demonstrate the performance advantages of using FPGA acceleration for image processing tasks.

Materials and Methods:
Hardware Components:

  • Xilinx Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC XCZU19EG-2FFVC1760I development board.
  • High-resolution image sensor module.
  • HDMI display interface for output visualization.
  • Necessary power supplies and peripherals.

Software Tools:

  • Xilinx Vivado for FPGA design and synthesis.
  • Xilinx SDK for ARM Cortex software development.
  • OpenCV or similar libraries for image processing algorithms.


1. System Architecture Design:

  • Configure the Zynq MPSoC to interface with the image sensor module.
  • Design FPGA fabric to preprocess images (e.g., filtering, edge detection).
  • Implement ARM Cortex processors for system control and user interface.

2. Image Processing Algorithms:

  • Select appropriate algorithms for real-time image enhancement or feature extraction.
  • Implement these algorithms using HLS (High-Level Synthesis) for FPGA acceleration.
  • Optimize algorithms for both FPGA and ARM execution.


3. Integration and Testing:

  • Integrate FPGA and ARM components into a cohesive system.
  • Test functionality with different input scenarios and evaluate real-time performance.
  • Verify results by displaying processed images on an HDMI monitor.

The project aims to achieve real-time image processing capabilities using the Xilinx Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC. Results will include performance metrics such as processing speed, resource utilization, and quality of processed images. Comparative analysis with CPU-only or GPU-based solutions may also be included to highlight the advantages of FPGA-based acceleration.

This project demonstrates the feasibility and advantages of using the Xilinx Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC for real-time image processing applications. By leveraging FPGA hardware acceleration and ARM processors, the system achieves high-performance image processing capabilities suitable for various embedded applications. Future work may focus on expanding the system’s capabilities or optimizing algorithms further.


  • Xilinx Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC datasheet and technical documentation.
  • Research papers and articles on FPGA-based image processing.
  • Online resources and community forums for FPGA and embedded systems development.
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