6V – 2.5Ah Sealed Lead-Acid Battery Charger

  • Rajkumar Sharma
  • 105 Views
  • easy
  • Tested
  • SKU: EL117310
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This dual-level float charger was designed for a 6V (three 2V cells) 2.5Ah battery. D2 LED was added for visual indication of charge completion, D3 indicates power, D4 LED presents overcharge condition, etc. 6V lead-acid battery charger is built using the UC3906 chip. UC3906 contains all of the necessary circuitry to optimally control the charge and hold cycle for sealed lead-acid batteries. UC3906 IC monitors and controls both the output voltage and current of the charger through three separate charge states; a high current bulk-charge state, a controlled over-charge, and a precision float-charge, or standby state. Optimum charging conditions are maintained over an extended temperature range with an internal reference that tracks the nominal temperature characteristics of the lead-acid cell. A typical standby supply current requirement of only 1.6mA allows these ICs to predictably monitor ambient temperatures. Separate voltage loop and current limit amplifiers regulate the output voltage and current levels in the charger by controlling the onboard driver. Voltage and current sense comparators are used to sense the battery condition and respond with logic inputs to the charge state logic.

A charge enable comparator with a trickle bias output can be used to implement a low current turn-on mode of the charger, preventing high current charging during abnormal conditions such as a shorted battery cell. Other features include a supply under-voltage sense circuit with a logic output to indicate when input power is present. In addition, the over-charge state of the charger can be externally monitored and terminated using the over-charge indicate output and over-charge terminate input.

Note: The circuit is configured to charge 6V – 2.5 to 4.5Ah Battery. Higher current and voltage batteries can be charged by changing resistors values, refer to the datasheet of UC3906 for the same.

Do not populate the following components: CN3, R14, R16, R17, R18 they are optional for microcontroller interface/control.

Features

  • Input Supply Voltage  0V to 13V DC, 1Amp – 2Amp
  • Bulk Charge Rate 500mA
  • 5AH To 4.5AH Battery Can be Charged
  • Start-up Trickle Current 10mA
  • Start-up voltage 5.1V
  • Bulk to OC Transition Voltage 7.125V
  • OC Voltage 5V
  • Float Voltage 7.0V
  • Float to Bulk Transition Voltage 6.3V
  • OC Terminate Current 50mA
  • On-Board Power LED
  • Over Charge LED
  • Fully Charged LED

Schematic

Parts List

NOQNTYREF.DESC.MANUFACTURERSUPPLIERPART NO
11CN12 PIN SCREW TERMINAL PITCH 5.08MMPHOENINXDIGIKEY277-1247-ND
21CN22 PIN SCREW TERMINAL PITCH 5.08MMPHOENINXDIGIKEY277-1247-ND
35C1,CN3,R16,R17,R18DNP
43C2,C3,C40.1uF/50V SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
51D11N4007 SMD SMC DIODEDIGIKEY1655-1N4007FLTR-ND
61D23MM LED GREENAMERICAN OPTODIGIKEY2460-L314GT-ND
71D33MM LED YELLOWAMERICAN OPTODIGIKEY2460-L314YD-ND
81D43 MM LED REDAMERICAN OPTODIGIKEY2460-L314ET-ND
91Q1TIP32BONSEMIDIGIKEYTIP32BOS-ND
101R10.5E 1% SMD SIZE 2512MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
112R2,R11220E 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
121R375K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
132R4,R7100K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
141R514K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
151R6470E 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
161R88.2K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
173R9,R13,R151K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
181R10390K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
191R1243K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
201R14DNODIGIKEY
211U1UC3906 TIDIGIKEY296-11621-ND
221U2LM393ONSEMIDIGIKEYLM393EDR2GOSCT-ND
231U2 SOCKETDIP 16 IC SOCKETADAM TECHDIGIKEY2057-ICS-316-T-ND

Connections



Gerber View

Photos







UC3906 Datasheet

uc3906

PCB

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