Dual-Level Float-Cum-Boost Charger with Pre-Charge for 12V – 3 to 6Ah Sealed Lead Acid (SLA) Batteries

  • Rajkumar Sharma
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This SLA Battery charger project is the right choice if you want to obtain maximum battery service life and capacity, along with acceptable recharge time and economy, constant current, constant voltage, and even charge a deeply discharged battery. The project contains all the necessary circuitry to optimally control the charging of valve-regulated lead-acid batteries. The circuit controls the charging current as well as the charging voltage to safely and efficiently charge the battery, maximizing battery capacity and life. The circuit is configured as a simple dual-voltage float-cum-boost charge controller. It is configured for charging 3 to 6Ah, 12V SLA batteries with dual-level float-cum-boost charger with pre-charge function and provides 500mA current output. The circuit also helps to charge deeply discharged batteries with pre-charge function. In this function Pin 12 (CE) detects the battery voltage, if the voltage at pin12 (CE) is bellow V-ref (2.3V), enable comparator permits a pre-charge current IPRE to flow from the PRE-CHG pin through Resistor R7 into the battery. Once the battery voltage rises above a safe threshold, the comparator disables the pre-charge function and IC performs the dual-level charging operations. Connector CN1 provided for supply input, CN2 battery, D3, D2 operation indictor, Jumper J1 connected to GND. Transistor Q1 requires an appropriate heatsink.

Note: The project is configured to charge 12V, 3- 6Ah batteries, but the circuit can charge higher (Ah) current and voltage batteries with few changes, carefully refer to the datasheet of the IC for various options and configurations.

The project is built using BQ24450 IC from Texas instruments, which has built-in precision voltage reference that is especially temperature-compensated to track the characteristics of lead-acid cells, and maintains optimum charging voltage over an extended temperature range without using any external components. The ICs low current consumption allows for accurate temperature monitoring by minimizing self-heating effects. The project is configured to charge a 3-5Ah battery with dual-level float-cum-boost charge with pre-charge, but IC can support a wide range of battery capacities and charging currents, limited only by the selection of the external pass transistor. The versatile driver for the external pass transistor supports both NPN and PNP types and provides at least 25mA of base drive. In addition to the voltage- and current-regulating amplifiers, the IC features comparators that monitor the charging voltage and current. These comparators feed into an internal state machine that sequences the charge cycle. Some of these comparator outputs are made available as status signals at external pins of the IC. These status and control pins can be connected to a processor, or they can be connected up in flexible ways for standalone applications.

Charging LED1, LED2

  • STAT1 ON (LED D3-ON), STAT 2 OFF (LED D2- OFF) >> Bulk Charge Condition
  • STAT1 ON (LED D3-ON), STAT 2 ON (LED D2-ON)>> Boost Mode Condition
  • STAT1 OFF (LED D3-OFF), STAT 2 OFF (LED D2-OFF) >> Float Mode Condition

Features

  • Operating Power Supply 16V to 18V DC, 1A
  • Load Battery 12V DC – 3Ah to 6Ah
  • Maximum Current Output 500mA
  • Float Voltage 13.8V, Boost Voltage 14.7V
  • Pre-Charge Current 10 mA
  • PCB Dimensions 63.98 x 39.85 mm

Schematic

Parts List

NO.QNTY.REF.DESCMANUFACTURERSUPPLIERSUPPLIER PART NO
12CN1,CN22 PIN SCREW TERMINALS 5.08MM PITCHPOENIXDIGIKEY277-1247-ND
21C11uF/25V SMD SIZE 1206 OR 10uF/50V ELECTROLYTIC MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
31C20.1uF/50V SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
44R2,C3,R5,R14DNPDIGIKEYOMIT
51D1MBRS360ON SEMIDIGIKEYMBRS360T3GOSCT-ND
62D2,D3LED SMD SIZE 0805OSRAMDIGIKEY475-1415-1-ND
71J1JUMPER/SHUNTSULINSDIGIKEYS9001-ND
81Q1TIP32G TO220ON SEMIDIGIKEYTIP32GOS-ND
93Q2,Q3,Q5BC847 SMD SOT23-3NEXPERIADIGIKEY1727-2924-1-ND
101Q4FDN327N SOT23-3ON SEMIELEMENT141471048
111R10.5E /2W SMD 2512STAKEPOLEDIGIKEYCSRN2512FKR500CT-ND
121R3DNPOMIT
131R4215K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
146R6,R9,R12,R19,R20,R230E SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
151R7187E 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
162R8,R17330K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
171R10715E 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
181R1116.9K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
191R13590K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
201R1546.4K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
212R16,R21270K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
222R18,R221.5K 5% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
231U1BQ24450DWTRTIDIGIKEY296-24367-1-ND

Connections



Gerber View

Photos

Video

BQ24450 Datasheet

slus929c

PCB

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ibrahem ahmed ibrahem

can i use this chip to charge 3.7V/4AH lithium ion cell?

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