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Everything posted by sam.moshiri

  1. A tiny DC to DC buck converter board is useful for many applications, especially if it could deliver currents up to 3A (2A continuously without heatsink). In this article, we will learn to build a small, efficient, and cheap buck converter circuit. References Full Article: https://www.pcbway.com/blog/technology/DC_to_DC_Buck_Converter_Adjustable__97__Efficient__3A.html MP2315 Library: https://componentsearchengine.com/part.php?partID=930350 Altium Plugin: https://www.samacsys.com/altium-designer-library-instructions
  2. YouTube: https://youtu.be/AJvhhS8I3Ps Features: Identify a fake Lithium-Ion/Lithium-Polymer/NiCd/NiMH battery Adjustable constant current load (can also be modified by the user) Capable of measuring the capacity of almost any kind of battery (below 5V) Easy to solder, build, and use, even for beginners (all components are Dip) An LCD user interface Specifications: Board Supply: 7V to 9V(Max) Battery Input: 0-5V(max) – no reverse polarity Constant Current Load: 37mA to 540mA(max) – 16 Steps – can be modified by the user The true measurement of a battery’s capacity is essential for many scenarios. A capacity measurement device can solve the problem of spotting fake batteries as well. Nowadays fake Lithium and NiMH batteries are everywhere which don’t handle their advertised capacities. Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish between a real and a fake battery. This problem exists in the spare batteries market, such as cell phone batteries. Furthermore, in many scenarios, it is essential to determine the capacity of a second-hand battery (for instance a laptop battery). In this article, we will learn to build a battery capacity measurement circuit using the famous Arduino-Nano board. I’ve designed the PCB board for dip components. So even beginners can solder and use the device. References Article source: https://www.pcbway.com/blog/technology/Battery_capacity_measurement_using_Arduino.html [1]: https://www.onsemi.com/pub/Collateral/LM358-D.PDF [2]: https://componentsearchengine.com/part.php?partID=671517 [3]: https://componentsearchengine.com/part.php?partID=617283 [4]: https://componentsearchengine.com/part.php?partID=368895 [5]: https://www.samacsys.com/altium-designer-library-instructions
  3. Differential signal measurement in practice To measure a differential signal, we have two options, one is using a differential probe and second is using a two channels oscilloscope. A differential probe is expensive but handles a better accuracy. Using two/four channels oscilloscope is the cheapest method which handles acceptable results. Just you need to connect oscilloscope’s Channel-1 to one of the differential lines/wires and Channel-2 to another one. Then go to the math function and enable CH1-CH2 which means a difference. Then adjust the oscilloscope to observe the signal. You use the run/stop or a single shot button to freeze the signal on the screen and examine it. I have examined the ADSL2+ signal on the telephone line using the above-mentioned differential measurement method. Reference: http://bit.ly/2Z7sDTt
  4. Switching power supplies are known for high efficiency. An adjustable voltage/current supply is an interesting tool, which can be used in many applications such as a Lithium-ion/Lead-acid/NiCD-NiMH battery charger or a standalone power supply. In this article, we will learn to build a variable step-down buck converter using the popular LM2576-Adj chip. Features Cheap and easy to build and use Constant current and constant voltage adjustment [CC, CV] capability 1.2V to 25V and 25mA to 3A controlling range Easy to adjust the parameters (optimum use of variable resistors to control the voltage and current) The design follows the EMC rules It is easy to mount a heatsink on the LM2576 It uses a real shunt resistor (not a PCB track) to sense the current
  5. if you change the mosfets of this circuit, it can handle the voltages up to 600V-DC
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