Audio-Balanced Line Driver – Unbalanced Audio to Balanced Audio Converter

  • Rajkumar Sharma
  • 1780
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  • easy
  • Tested

This audio-balanced line driver project enables to drive hundreds of feet in length of cables without becoming unstable The project is based on the THAT1646 chip, which is a new generation monolithic differential line driver that offers improved performance over conventional cross-coupled designs. Based on high performance, fully differential op-amp exhibits low noise and distortion, high slew rate, and wide output swing. Output is very stable when driving difficult loads, and output is short-circuit protected. The operating power supply is +/-15V DC, XLR, and RCA connector provided for output and input. D1, D2 are the Power LEDs, C7 decoupling capacitor, Ferrite Bead L1, L2, capacitor C6, C8, C9 take cares of RFI noise, Capacitors C5, and C10 acouple the common-mode feedback loop. This changes the loop operation from serving the common-mode output current at audio frequencies to serving the common-mode output voltage to 0 at DC. This results in much lower common-mode output offset voltage. D1 +VCC Power LED, D2 -VEE Power LED, CNX-J1 single-ended unbalanced audio input, CN3 Male XLR balanced audio output, CN1 power input, CN2 or J1-CNX audio input.

Features

  • Operating Power-Supply Nominal +/-15V DC (Dual) (Range +/-4V to +/-18V)
  • Input Impedance 5Kohms
  • Gain 6dB R-Load=100kOhms Per Output, 5.3 dB with 600 Ohms Load
  • Gain Error 0.02dB
  • DC Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSSR) 107 dB
  • Output Common-Mode Rejection Ration (CMMR) 65dB
  • Output Signal Balance Ration 54dB
  • THD+N (Balanced) VO=10V, R-Load=600Ohms, 20Hz-5Khz 0.0007 %, 20Khz=0.002%
  • Output Noise Balanced 22Hz-20Khz -101dBu
  • Maximum Output Level VO-max 27.5dBu
  • Output Common-Mode Voltage Offset +/-3.5mV
  • Output Voltage Swing, Positive (Without Load) VCC-2.2V
  • Output Voltage Swing, Negative (Without Load) VEE+2.25V
  • PCB Dimensions 48.62  x 19.67 mm

THAT1646 uses patented OutSmarts technology. Outsmarts is a dual feedback-loop design that prevents the excessive ground currents typical of cross-coupled output stages (CCOS) when clipping into single-ended loads.   Chip has two individual negative-feedback loops to separately control the differential output voltage and common mode output currents, making the designs inherently more stable and less sensitive to component tolerances than common CCOSes. As a result, THAT’s topology prevents the loss of common-mode feedback that plagues common CCOS designs when clipping into single-ended loads. This avoids excessive ground currents that would otherwise upset power supplies and create additional distortion, even in adjacent channels.

Gain

The THT1646 provides +6 dB gain (factor of 2) between their inputs and differential outputs. This is appropriate since, with a balanced output, twice the voltage between the power supply rails is available at the output of the stage. The single-ended input of 1646 can accept signals that swing to nearly the power supply rails without distortion when driving into a differential (floating) load.

Schematic

Parts List

NO.QNTY.REFDESC.MANUFACTURERSUPPLIERSUPPLIER PART NO
11CN14 PIN MALE HEADER 2.54MM PITCHWURTHDIGIKEY732-5317-ND
21CN22 PIN MALE HEADER 2.54MM PITCHWURTHDIGIKEY732-5315-ND
31CN3XLR-MALE PCB MOUNTEDELECBEE.COMELECBEEB-016-2007
42C1,C310uF/25V SMD ELECTROLYTICPANASONICDIGIKEYPCE3795CT-ND
52C2,C40.1uF/50V SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
62C5,C1010uF/50V NON POLARNICHICONDIGIKEY493-16350-ND
72C6,C9100PF/50V SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
81C710uF/35V SMD SIZE 1206MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
91C8470pF/50V SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
101D1LEDOSRAMDIGIKEY475-1415-1-ND
111D2LEDOSRAMDIGIKEY475-1415-1-ND
121J1RCA JACKCUIDIGIKEYCP-1400-ND
132L1,L2FERRITE BEADWURTHDIGIKEY732-1620-1-ND
142R1,R21.5KMURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
153R3,R5,R6OMITOMIT
164R4,R7,R8,R90EMURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
171U1THAT1646THAT CORP.MOUSER887-1646P08-U

Connections

Gerber View

Photos

Video

THAT1646 Datasheet

THAT_1606-1646_Datasheet

PCB

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