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HarryA last won the day on April 27

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About HarryA

  • Birthday June 23

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    USA, Pennsylvania, Susquehanna County,
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    Canoeing, woodworking, electronics, and gardening.

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  1. If you use a 12v and 3 ampere charger that would require a little over 36 watts. A 12v and 1 ampere charger would be about 12+ watts. That would be less load on the power supply. Assuming the power supply is the limiting factor here. The slower charge rate would not be a problem if you do not have power outages more than once a day?
  2. If you do not see the 8.4 volts at the 5v to 12v converter it suggest that the power supply has gone into a thermal overload state. Perhaps due to the drain from the charger. Switching it off resets it perhaps.
  3. The meter needs calibration. My AstroAl M2KOR has for DC current: accuracy +/- ( 1.2% rdg + 5 dgts). Whatever that means. Also "when large currents are measured the continuous measurement should not exceed 15 seconds".
  4. My old Scope multimeter has a 0.01 ohm shunt resistor in the 10 ampere circuit going by the schematic. That is not much of an intrusion into a circuit. I would think the analog meter is most likely the most accurate meter in your case. What does the clamp on meter give you? Knowing the on and off time of the pulses one could calculate the peak current from the one ampere reading?
  5. This is easier to do today with microcontollers like the Arduino UNO for example. Else you can fabricate it from logic circuits using a number of timers like the MC1455 (a newer NE555). I can help you with either approach but recommend the microcontroller. If you are not familiar with them it would be a good project to learn on. You will notice there are a lot of solar trackers on Ebay for less cost then to make one.
  6. "none of those circuits are the one I posted with the pnp transistor connected to the gate. " How about this one? With thanks to homemade-circuits.com In LTspice simulation all I ever get is the TRIAC off or fully on. As there is no phase control, because there is no relationship between the transistor and the AC supply. It simple allows the TRIAC to conduct or not. In theory you can connect the transistor to your microcontroller and use the circuit as a replacement for a mechanical relay. There is a problem with the lack of isolation from the ac mains. That is why optical isolators are used.
  7. See figure 5 here for similar circuit: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/simple-triac-triggering-circuits-explained/
  8. You are starting with a very primitive circuit. There are many complete TRIAC circuits to be had via internet search. LTspice does not have a TRIAC model because Analog does not manufacture them. If you search on TRIAC on Youtube.com you will find numerous videos on the subject. This one has information on finding and download a TRIAC model for LTspice. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lRz1gql-BWw Expand the 'show more'. Also missing are the requirements for your circuit; 1 amp or a 100amp?.
  9. There are numerous videos on Youtube on uploading to the Atmega328. This video has three ways to up load to the Atmegs328. Two methods use a UNO and one using the FTDI. The second method using the UNO gives one insight into how the loading process works. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sww1mek5rHU Also this one uses the FTDI and uploads as an UNO board (if I put the url in here even as text the stupid video gets inserted here and I see no way to delete it). Search on " 1-Day Project: Build Your Own Arduino UNO for $5 " on Youtube. Some of these may give you insight to your problem. The circuit from the article may not be the best. Seeing what circuits they use maybe helpful. I am having a $%^*& time with this post! This my third attempt.
  10. It is not clear to me what you are trying to do. You say " I have been using the nano board for a long time now ". So you must have loaded programs into it? The Nano uses the ATmega328 the same AVR as the Uno. "Tried picking Uno board in tools menu". ? The Nano board is listed in the list of boards in the IDE is it not? https://docs.arduino.cc/hardware/nano "follow the links to the page that starts with; " Installing the AVR core The classic Arduino boards, including the favorites UNO, Nano and Mega, requires the AVR core to be installed to compile and upload sketches to your board. Fortunately, the classic IDE comes with the AVR core already pre-installed. This means that we only need to download and install the editor to start using our Arduino products.
  11. https://components101.com/sites/default/files/component_datasheet/AT89C51.pdf
  12. see recent post https://www.electronics-lab.com/community/index.php?/topic/48683-programming-the-atmega-328p-microcontroller-previous-article-on-this-subject/#comment-166370 I do not know anything about the Jaycar; sorry can not help you there. I just use the Arduino IDE. By the way there is a new version of the IDE; version 2.0 For those folks that use the IDE.
  13. If you look in the IDE at [tools] -> boards you will see the Nano and the Duemilanove. You will not see the port listed until you select the board and have a board or adapter connected. The Meg2560 has a different AVR microcontroller; an ATmega2560. If you search on Youtube for the FT232RL (the USB to serial/TTL Adapter) you will find numerous videos. Speaking of ports, the current port is shown in the IDE in [Tools] also in the Preferences file. The Preferences file can be found [file] -> Preferences. That brings up a pop up window containing the path to the file. Near the bottom of the file can be seen the comport listed in two places. Also in the Device Manager it is listed under Ports(COM & LPT). Device Manager is via [Windows] + [x]. Sometimes you can edit the Preferences file to bring the comport inline with the device port iIf the IDE gets confused. You may know this but others may not. (I screwed up the fonts by cut and past again)
  14. "What is the board type?" Note: when programming the Atmega328p MCU using the Arduino IDE, the matching board type you have to select is the “Arduino Duemilanove or Nano w/ ATmega328” board. :What port would this be? I take it to be the comport related to the IDE and PC. Shown in [tools] menu of the IDE. Connected to pins: 1,2,& 3 on the ATmega32 chip. https://www.electronics-lab.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/programming-Uno-on-breadboard.png For others the article is here: https://www.electronics-lab.com/project/programming-atmega328p-microcontroller-with-arduino-ide/
  15. In LTspice on selecting components open the directory [Power Products] in the listing find LTC3705 when you click on it you will see "Open this macromodel's example circuit" that will display the circuit. You can select RUN and the output display will come up. You can poke around the circuit with the "red probe" and see the various wave forms are there. You may know this already but other reads may not. Perhaps if you click on some other types there you will find more converters of interest; as it displays a brief description of each. The Analog site listed above is is busted. I got in once but never again. But if you search on LTC3703 off that page you will get some links that look like they may be helpful. This link seems to work. Gets you to where you can enter you requirements. https://www.analog.com/en/product-category/step-down-buck-regulators.html
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