3-Phase Advance Motion Module – 400VDC – 4A

  • Rajkumar Sharma
  • 37 Views
  • advanced
  • Tested
  • SKU: EL148527
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This is an advanced Motion module providing a fully featured, high-performance inverter output stage for AC induction, BLDC and PMSM motors such as refrigerators, fans, and pumps. This module is based on NFA50460 chip which integrates the optimized gate drive of the built−in IGBTs (FS4 RC IGBT technology) to minimize EMI and losses, while also providing multiple on−module protection features including under−voltage lockouts and thermal monitoring. The built−in high-speed Driver IC requires only a single supply voltage and translates the incoming logic−level gate inputs to the high voltage, high current drive signals required to properly drive the module’s internal IGBTs. Separate open emitter IGBT terminals are available for each phase to support the widest variety of control algorithms. Heatsink is a must for the IC before conducting any test.

The project is built using NFA50460R4B IPM chip. This compact and reliable inverter project is ideal for small power motors such as fans and pumps. H-bridge configuration can also be created for low current high-voltage brushed DC motors. The Inverter project supports loads up to 4A. DC power supply voltage is up to 400VDC. The project operates with 6 PWM signals. Parameters for bootstrap circuit elements are dependent on PWM algorithm. For 15 kHz of switching frequency Bootstrap capacitors C3, C4, and C5 values is 1uF. Resistor R4, R6, R7, R11, R15, R16 and capacitor C9, C10, C11, C12, C16, C17 prevent improper signal due to surge-noise. The logic supply is protected with a 20V Zener diode, which prevents surge destruction under severe conditions. Comparator U2A provides low output when an over condition occurs, it measures the current across shunt resistor R13, and normally output is high. Comparator U2B is provided for over temperature, the output of U2B is high when IPM temperature is below 80 degrees C and goes low when the temperature reaches the threshold.  A heatsink is a must for full load current, 2 mounting holes are provided throughout the PCB to mount the heatsink as shown in Figure below. Silicone thermal compound, also called thermal grease, should be applied between the heat sink and the flat surface of the IPM to fill microscopic air gaps due to imperfect flatness that ultimately reduces the contact thermal resistance.  The IPM module should be soldered first. Excessive torque may bend the PCB.

Note 1: The project operates with lethal voltage and the user must take care of safety and all necessary precautions before testing the project.
Note 2: The board has dual option current sense resistor R13. The resistor must be 1% THT or SMD size 2512.

Features

  • Load Power Supply Up to 400V DC (Maximum 450V DC)
  • Load Current Continues 4A
  • Logic Supply 15V DC, Current 100mA
  • Power Supply for Over Current/Temperature Circuit (Comparator U2) 5V DC
  • One Board Power LED for Logic Supply
  • Shunt and Comparator Based Over Current Output
  • Over temperature threshold is 80 degrees centigrade.
  • HVIC for gate driving and under-voltage protection
  • Active-High interface, can work with 3.3V/5V logic (PWM Signals)
  • On Threshold Voltage 2.9V, Off Threshold Voltage 0.8V
  • Optimized for low electromagnetic interference
  • Isolation voltage rating of 1500Vrms for 1min
  • 4 x 4 mm Mounting Holes
  • PCB Dimensions 60.64 x 54.29 mm

Temperature Sensing Output (VTS) – CN4 Pin 2-TO

Pin: VTS This indicates the temperature of the V-phase HVIC with analog voltage. HVIC itself creates some power loss, but mainly heat generated from the MOSFETs increases the temperature of the HVIC. Comparator U2B is used for over temperature. Output is high in normal condition when temperature is below 80 degrees, goes low when over temperature condition occurs. Over temperature threshold is 80 degrees centigrade.

Current Sense

Current sense resistor R13, Comparator U2A provided to sense the current, this circuit activates when over current condition occurs, output of U2A is normally high, goes low when over condition occurs. Threshold of over current can be alter using divider resistor R2 and R5.

Signal Input Pins

  • Pins: IN(UL), IN(VL), IN(WL), IN(UH), IN(VH), IN(WH)
  • These pins control the operation of the MOSFETs.
  • These pins are activated by voltage input signals. The terminals are internally connected to the Schmitt trigger circuit.
  • The signal logic of these pins is active HIGH; the MOSFET turns ON when sufficient logic voltage is applied to the associated input pin.
  • The wiring of each input needs to be short to protect the module against noise influences.
  • An RC filter is used to mitigate signal oscillations or any noise that traces of input signals may pick up.

NFA50460R4B is an advanced Motion SPM 5 Series based on FS4 RC−IGBT technology as a compact inverter solution for small power motor drive applications such as fans and pumps. Embedded six FS4 RC−IGBTs, three half−bridge gate drive HVICs with temperature sensing, and three bootstrap diodes in a compact package fully isolated and optimized for thermal performance. Major features are low Electro−magnetic Interference (EMI) characteristics through optimizing switching speed and reducing parasitic inductance. Since IGBTs are employed as power switches, it provides much more ruggedness and larger Safe Operating Area (SOA) than IGBT based power modules. Right solution for compact and reliable inverter designs where the assembly space is constrained.

Operation Truth Table

  • HIN 0, LIN 0 = Output Z Both MOSFET Off
  • HIN 0, LIN 1 = Output 0 Low Side MOSFET On
  • HIN 1, LIN 0 = Output VDC High Side MOSFET On
  • HIN 1, LIN 1 = Forbidden Shoot Through

Connections

  • CN1: Pin 1 = PWM U-High, Pin 2 = PWM U-Low, Pin 3 = PWM V-High, Pin 4 = PWM V-Low, Pin 5 = PWM W-High, Pin 6 = PWM W-Low , Pin 7 = GND
  • CN2: 3 Phase Motor, Pin 1 = Phase=W, Pin 2 = Phase-V, Pin 3 = Phase-U
  • CN3: Pin 1 = Motor Supply 400V DC, Pin 2 = GND
  • CN4: Pin 1 = VCC 5V , Pin 2 = TO-NTC OUT , Pin 3 = Over Current/Fault, Pin 4 = GND
  • CN5: Pin 1,2 = VDD 15V , Pin 3,4 = GND
  • D1: Power LED for Logic Supply

Schematic

Parts List

NO.QNTY.REF.DESC.MANUFACTURERSUPPLIER SUPPLIER PART NO
11CN17 PIN MALE HEADER PITCH 2.54MMWURTHDIGIKEY732-5320-ND
21CN23 PIN SCREW TERMINAL PITCH 5.08MMPHOENIXDIGIKEY277-1248-ND
31CN32 PIN SCREW TERMINAL PITCH 5.08MMPHOENIXDIGIKEY277-1247-ND
42CN4,CN54 PIN MALE HEADER PITCH 2.54MMWURTHDIGIKEY732-5317-ND
55C1,C6,C7,C13,C14100nF/50V CERAMIC SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
61C210uF/25V CERAMIC SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
78C8,C9,C10,C11,C12,C15,C16,C171nF/50V CERAMIC SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
82C18,C2410uF/450V ELECTROLYTIC THTPANASONICDIGIKEYP13558-ND
91C190.1uF/630V THT 18X5MM LEAD PITCH 15MMKEMETDIGIKEY399-19284-1-ND
101C20220uF/25V ELECTROLYTIC 8MM DIA.PANASONICDIGIKEYP10271-ND
111D1LED SMD SIZE 0805OSRAMDIGIKEY
121D220V 1W ZENER DIODE SMDMICROCHIPDIGIKEY150-1N4747UR-1/TRCT-ND
131L1FERRITE BEAD 600OHM SMD SIZE 0805LAIRDDIGIKEY240-2390-1-ND
142R1,R810K 5% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
151R29.1K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
161R32K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
176R4,R6,R7,R11,R15,R16100E 5% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
182R5,R141K 5% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
191R94.3K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
202R10,R181.5K 1% SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
212R12,R170E SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
221R130.1E/3W 1% THT or SMD 2512 OPTIONALYAGEODIGIKEYALSR03R1000FE12
231U1NFA50460R4BON SEMIDIGIKEY488-NFA50460R4B-ND
241U2LM393 SOIC8TIDIGIKEY296-1015-1-ND
253C3,C4,C51uF/35V CERAMIC SMD SIZE 1206MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY
263C21,C22,C232.2uF/35V CERAMIC SMD SIZE 0805MURATA/YAGEODIGIKEY

Connections

MCU Interface

Application Circuit

Temperature Sensor

PIN Configuration

Gerber View

Photos

Video

NFA50460R4B Datasheet

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