Half-Bridge with Ultra-Precise Current Sense Feedback for Solenoid

  • Rajkumar Sharma
  • 32 Views
  • moderate
  • Tested
  • SKU: EL143637
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A Half-bridge converter is widely used in applications such as DC-DC converters, switch mode power supplies, inverters, motor drivers, resistive loads, and solenoid drivers. This project consists of an IR2104 Half-bridge driver chip, 2 x DPAK MOSFETS, and an INA293 precision current sense amplifier. The IR2104 is a half-bridge, high voltage, high-speed power MOSFET and IGBT driver with dependent high and low side referenced output channels. It drives high and low-side N-channel MOSFETs, INA293 chip measures the load current across the shunt resistor connected to the output.

The project is mainly developed for solenoid applications that need current feedback. The circuit can handle load currents up to 2A and can handle higher currents with the help of forced air. IRFR120 MOSFETs are used, but you can use FDD8876 MOSFETs for higher currents. Shunt Resistor 0.01-ohm used to sense the load current, INA293 has Gain 20V/V.

Inputs and Output

The circuit requires 2 x signals, HI (PWM) and SD (Shutdown). SD/LI= High Output enables, LOW= Disable, both inputs are 3.3V, 5V and 15V logic compatible.

Current Sense Output: 0.2V/A, 2A = 0.4V (400mV)

Features

  • Supply Load 24V DC (VDD)
  • Supply Gate Driver 12V-15V (VCC)
  • Supply Current Sensor Amplifier INA293 (VI) 5V DC
  • Current Feedback Output 0.2V/A
  • Input Signal Logic Level 3.3V, 5V and 15V.
  • Operating Frequency Up to 20Khz
  • Two Control Signals PWM and Shutdown
  • PCB Dimensions 34.93 x 29.37 mm

The INA293 is designed to measure current in a typical solenoid application. The INA293 measures current across the 10-mΩ shunt R3 that is placed at the output of the half-bridge. The INA293 measures the differential voltage across the shunt resistor, and the signal is internally amplified with a gain of 20 V/V. The output of the INA293 can be connected to the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) of an MCU to digitize the current measurements. Solenoid loads are highly inductive and are often prone to failure. Solenoids are often used for position control, precise fluid control, and fluid regulation. Measuring real-time current on the solenoid continuously can indicate premature failure of the solenoid which can lead to a faulty control loop in the system. Measuring high-side current also indicates if there are any ground faults on the solenoid or the FETs that can be damaged in an application. The INA293, with high bandwidth and slew rate, detects fast overcurrent conditions to prevent solenoid damage from short-to-ground faults.

The IR2104(S) are high voltage, high-speed power MOSFET and IGBT drivers with dependent high and low side referenced output channels. Proprietary HVIC and latch-immune CMOS technologies enable ruggedized monolithic construction. The logic input is compatible with standard CMOS or LSTTL output, down to 3.3V logic. The output drivers feature a high pulse current buffer stage designed for minimum driver cross-conduction. The floating channel can drive an N-channel power MOSFET or IGBT in the high-side configuration which operates from 10 to 600 volts.

Schematic

Parts List

NOQNTYREFDESCMANUFACTURERSUPPLIER SUPPLIER PART NO.
12CN1,CN32 PIN SCREW TERMINAL PITCH 5.08MMPHOENIXDIGIKEY
21CN27 PIN MALE HEADER PITCH 2.54MMWURTHDIGIKEY
33C1,C3,C6100nF/50V CERAMIC SMD SIZE 0805YAGEO/MURATADIGIKEY
41C210uF/35V CERAMIC SMD SIZE 1206YAGEO/MURATADIGIKEY
51C4100uF/50V ELECTROLYTICRUBYCONDIGIKEY1189-2468-1-ND
61C51uF/35V CERAMIC SMD SIZE 1206YAGEO/MURATADIGIKEY
71D1LED RED SMD SIZE 0805OSRAMDIGIKEY475-1278-1-ND
81D2SS34 OR SS14 SMD DIODEONSEMIDIGIKEYSS14CT-ND
92D3,D41N4148 SMDMICROCHIPDIGIKEY1N4148UR-1-ND
102Q1,Q2IRFR120 DPAKINFINEONDIGIKEYIRFR120ZTRPBFCT-ND
111R11K 5% SMD SIZE 0805YAGEO/MURATADIGIKEY
122R2,R410E 5% SMD SIZE 0805YAGEO/MURATADIGIKEY
131R30.01E 1W 1% SMD SIZE 2512YAGEO/MURATADIGIKEY
141U1IR2104 SOIC8INFINEONDIGIKEYIR2104SPBF-ND
151U2INA293A1 SOT23-5TIDIGIKEY296-INA293A1IDBVRCT-ND

Connections

Gerber View

Photos

Video

IR2104S Datasheet

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