High Performance – High Reliability 50V DC Brush Motor Driver

  • Rajkumar Sharma
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  • SKU: EL125146
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This is a powerful yet small size low profile brushed DC motor drive system with a few key features like adjustable constant current control, direction control, brake controls, Alert output, PWM for speed control etc. BD63130AFM chip is the heart of the project which is an H-bridge motor driver for the DC brush motor. This driver can facilitate low power consumption by direct PWM or PWM constant current control. There are various built-in protection circuits in this IC. It is possible to output an abnormal detection signal for Wired-OR that notifies each protection circuit operation, and this contributes to set high reliability.

Constant Current Mode or Direct PWM Mode Selection

  • Constant Current Mode: By default, this project works in constant current mode. Constant current can be set using Trimmer Potentiometer PR1. Use Input1 and Input2 of CN2 to control the Motor Forward, Reverse, and Brake, Refer to Table 1 for input logic.
  • PWM Mode: Replace the resistor R1 with 0 Ohms. Adjust the PR1 trimmer potentiometer to 1 to 2V. Use Input 1 and Input 2 as external PWM/Logic Input, Maximum Allowable PWM frequency 100Khz. Refer to table 4 for input signals.

Features

  • Single Power Supply Input Range 8 to 46V DC (rated voltage of 50V)
  • Rated Output Current (peak): 3.0A(4.0A)
  • Low ON-Resistance DMOS Output
  • Forward, Reverse, Brake, Open Function
  • Power Save Function
  • External PWM Control – PWM Control Mode
  • PWM Constant Current Control Adjustable (current limit function)
  • Built-in Spike Noise Cancel Function (external noise filter is unnecessary)
  • Built-in Logic Input Pull-down Resistor
  • Cross-conduction Prevention Circuit
  • Output Detection Signal during Abnormal states (Wired-OR)
  • Thermal Shutdown Circuit (TSD)
  • Over-current Protection Circuit (OCP)
  • Under Voltage Lockout Circuit (UVLO)
  • Over Voltage Lockout Circuit (OVLO)
  • Ghost Supply Prevention (protects against malfunction when the power supply is disconnected)
  • PCB dimensions: 37.47 x 36.83 mm

Inputs and Outputs CN2

  • Pin1: VDD 5V DC @ 10-20mA- Input
  • Pin2: Input 1 PWM Input or Logic H/L input Constant for Current Mode
  • Pin3: Input 1 PWM Input or Logic H/L input Constant for Current Mode
  • Pin4: GND
  • Pin5: Fault
  • Pin5: PS
  • Pin7: VDD 5V DC @ 10-20mA – Input

CN3 Motor Supply Input

  • Pin1: +DC 8 to 46V Motor Supply
  • Pin2: +DC 8 to 46V Motor Supply
  • Pin3: GND
  • Pin4: GND

CN4 DC Bushed Motor

  • Pin1: Motor 1 (Output1)
  • Pin2: Motor 1 (Output1)
  • Pin3: Motor 2 (Output2)
  • Pin4: Motor 2 (Output2)

Trimmer Potentiometer PR1

  • Constant Current Adjust

LED D1: Power LED

PS/ Power Save Pin Low = Power Same Mode Standby Mode, High=Active

PS can put the circuit into a standby state and make motor outputs OPEN. Be careful because there is a delay of 40μs (Max), as PS=L→H, until it is returned from standby state to normal state and the motor output becomes ACTIVE.

Input1 and Input2 (Refer Table-1)

IN1, IN2/ H Bridge Control Pin It decides the output logic for H-bridge

FAILA/ Fault Signal Output Pin (Refer to Table 2)

FAILA outputs an abnormality detection signal when Over-Current Protection (OCP) or Thermal Shutdown (TSD) operates.  Even if Under Voltage Lock Out (UVLO) or Over Voltage Lock Out (OVLO) operates, the FAILA signal doesn’t turn abnormality detection signal (i.e., high). This signal can be connected to the microcomputer and the system can be shut down. This pin is an open-drain type, and a Pull-up resistor R4 is used. Normal output is High, this pin goes low when fault condition arises.

Thermal Shutdown (TSD)

This IC has a built-in Thermal Shutdown circuit for thermal protection. When the IC’s chip temperature rises 175°C (Typ) or more, the motor output becomes OPEN. Also, when the temperature returns to 150°C (Typ) or less, it automatically returns to normal operation. However, even when TSD is in operation if heat is continued to be applied externally, heat overdrive can lead to destruction.

Over-Current Protection (OCP)

This IC has a built-in Over-Current Protection circuit as a provision against destruction when the motor outputs are shorted to each other or VCC-motor output or motor output-GND is shorted. This circuit latches the motor output to an OPEN condition when the regulated current flows for 4μs (Typ). It returns with power reactivation or a reset of the PS pin. The over-current protection circuit aims to prevent the destruction of the IC only from abnormal situations such as when motor output is shorted and it is not meant to be used as protection or security for the device. Therefore, the device should not be designed to make use of the function of this circuit. After OCP operation, if abnormal situations continue and returned by power reactivation or reset of the PS pin happens repeatedly, then OCP operates constantly. The IC may generate heat or otherwise deteriorate. When the L value of the wiring is great due to the wiring being long, if the output pin voltage jumps up and the absolute maximum values may be exceeded after the over current has flowed, there is a possibility of destruction. Also when the current which is the output current rating or more and the OCP detection current or less flow, the IC can heat up to Tjmax=150°C or more and can deteriorate, so the current exceeds the output rating should not be applied.

Under Voltage Lock Out (UVLO)

This IC has a built-in Under Voltage Lock Out function to prevent false operations such as IC output during power supply under-voltage. When the applied voltage to the VCC pin goes 5V (Typ) or less, the motor output is set to OPEN. This switching voltage has a 1V (Typ) hysteresis to prevent false operation by noise etc. Be aware that this protection circuit does not operate during power save mode.

Over Voltage Lock Out (OVLO)

This IC has a built-in Over Voltage Lock Out function to protect the IC output and the motor during power supply over voltage. When the applied voltage to the VCC pin goes 52V (Typ) or more, the motor output is set to OPEN. This switching voltage has a 1V (Typ) hysteresis and a 4μs (Typ) mask time to prevent false operation by noise etc. Although this over voltage locked out circuit is built-in, there is a possibility of destruction if the absolute maximum value for power supply voltage is exceeded. Therefore, the absolute maximum value should not be exceeded. Be aware that this protection circuit does not operate during power save mode.

Ghost Supply Prevention (protects against malfunction when the power supply is disconnected) If a control signal (IN1, IN2, PS, and VREF) is applied when there is no power supplied to the IC, there is a function that prevents a malfunction where voltage is supplied to the power supply of this IC or other IC in the set via the electrostatic destruction prevention diode from these input pins to the VCC. Therefore, there is no malfunction in the circuit even when voltage is supplied to these input pins while there is no power supply.

PWM Constant Current Control (Table 3)

This function can limit the peak current such as switching current in driving the DC brush motor.

  1. Current Control Operation: The output current increases due to the output transistor being turned on. When the voltage on the RNF pin, the output current is converted it due to connecting the external resistance to the RNF pin, reaches the voltage value set by the VREF input voltage, the current limit comparator engages and enters current decay mode. Thereafter the output turned on again after a period of time determined by the CR pin. The process repeats itself constantly.
  2. Blank Time (Fixed in Internal Circuit): In order to avoid misdetection of the current detection comparator due to RNF spikes that occur when the output turns ON, the internal voltage between 0.4V and 0.8V is provided as minimum ON time (tONMIN 1.5µs Typ). During this time, the current detection is disabled after the output transistor is turned on. This allows for a constant-current drive without the need for an external filter.
  3. Internal Timer (Fixed in Internal Circuit): Repeat charging and discharging between 0.4V to 0.9V internal voltage determined by IC internal circuit. When internal voltage is changed charge from discharge, the output is then ON from the current decay mode.

Schematic

Parts List

NOQNTY.REF.DESC.MANUFACTURING SUPPLIERPART NO
11CN14 PIN MALE HEADER PITCH 2.54MMWURTHDIGIKEY732-5317-ND
21CN27 PIN MALE HEADER PITCH 2.54MMWURTHDIGIKEY732-5320-ND
31CN34 PIN MALE HEADER PITCH 2.54MMWURTHDIGIKEY732-5317-ND
41C10.1uF/50V SMD SIZE 0805YAGEO/MURATADIGIKEY
51C2220uF/50VWURTHDIGIKEY732-8463-1-ND
61D1LED RED SMD SIZE 0805LITE ON INCDIGIKEY160-1427-1-ND
71PR1100K TRIMMER POTENTIOMETERBOURNS INCDIGIKEY3362H-104LF-ND
81R10.1E 1% 2W SIZE 2512 CTS RESISTORDIGIKEY73M1R100FCT-ND
91R23K3 5% SMD SIZE 0805YAGEO/MURATADIGIKEY
101R375K 1% SMD SIZE 0805YAGEO/MURATADIGIKEY
111R410K 1% SMD SIZE 0805YAGEO/MURATADIGIKEY
121R50E SMD SIZE 0805YAGEO/MURATADIGIKEY
131U1BD63130AFMROHM SEMIDIGIKEYBD63130AFM-E2CT-ND

Connections



Lookup Tables

Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4

Gerber View

Photos

Video

BD63130AFM Datasheet

bd63130afm-e-1873830

PCB

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