This project illustrates the use of a microcontroller(MCU) to generate different types of sound. The device uses SST89E54RDA-40-C-PIEMCU, an 8-bit 8051-compatible MCU with embedded SuperFlash memory.The device comes with 24/40KByte of on-chip flash EEPROM program memory which is partitioned into two independent program memory blocks. The primary block 0 occupies 16/32KByte of internal program memory space while the secondary block 1 occupies 8KByte of internal program memory space.
Sound is a function of frequency. This concept has been used to generate sound from the microcontroller. Varying the frequency can produce different types of sounds especially with the use of timer 1 of the MCU to produce different frequencies. Timer is used to produce exact delays and by toggling the output pin, it will generate the desired frequencies. These frequencies are then fed to pin 0 of port 1 which is connected to the speaker. By combining frequencies of different values, different tones will be produced.
The circuit is a basic sound generator that has wide applications such as used in cars that produce sound while reversing. In addition, it supports electronic piano to generate different tones, or in electronic toys to generate sounds. Thus, this device is an effective sound generator that produces an audible sound as preferred by the user.
Generation of Sound Using Microcontroller – [Link]