4A Bipolar Stepper Motor Driver Based on LV8727E

Rajkumar Sharma      http://www.rajkumarsharma.com  
10740
Project tested

4A_BIPOLAR_STEPPER_MOTOR_DRIVER_LV8727E_M040A

The Project is based on LV8727E IC from ON Semiconductor. The LV8727 is a PWM current-controlled micro step bipolar stepping motor driver. This driver can provide eight ways of micro step resolution of 1/2, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32, 1/64, 1/128, 1/10, 1/20, and can drive simply by the step input. This Bipolar Driver works with supply input 9V to 36V (Replace L317 with L317HVT for supply input up to 45V DC). Load current up to 4Amps.

Features

  • Supply 9V to 36V DC (Replace L317 with L317HVT for Supply up to 45VDC)
  • Load Current Up to 4Amps
  • Inputs:  Step Pulse, Direction, Enable
  • Micro-Stepping: 4 Way DIP Slide Switch
  • On Board Power Indication
  • On Board L317 for 5V DC Regulator
  • Current Adjust Preset
  • Over Current protection
  • Thermal Shutdown
  • FDT Adjust Preset (DECAY Setting)
  • Single-Channel PWM current control stepping motor driver.
  • Output Current 4Amps
  • Micro Stepping 1/2,1/8,1/16,1/32,1/64,1/128,1/10,1/20 Step are selectable.
  • Advance the excitation step with the only step signal input

Schematic

4A_BIPOLAR_STEPPER_MOTOR_DRIVER_LV8727E_SCHEMATIC1

Output Current Settings (PR2 Preset Constant Current Setting )

Current Output= (VREF/3)/0.1E (Shunt Resistor R8, R10)

Example: (VREF 0.9V/3)/)0.1E=3Amps

Enable (Stand-by function)

When enable input is high the ST pin is at low levels, The IC enters stand-by mode, all logic is reset and output in turned off

Keep Enable input low (No Signal Input at Enable) for Normal operations, Apply 5V at disable the drive

Jumper-J1 Output Enable ( J1 Closed for Normal Operation)

Jumper Open put the output forced off and goes to high impedance. However the internal logic circuits are operating, so excitation position proceeds when the STP is input, when J1 close, the output level conforms to the excitation position proceed by the step input.

FDT DECAY mode setting (PR1-Prest)

Current DECAY method is selectable as shown below by applied voltage to the FDT pin.

  • 3.5V to 5V Slow DECAY
  • 3.1V to 3.5V Inhibited Zone
  • 1.1V to 3.1V or Open Mixed DECAY
  • 0.8V to 1.1V Inhibited Zone
  • 0 to 0.8V Fast DECAY

Note: It is not recommended to change DECAY method during Motor operation.

Note 01 DOWN output Pin

This pin is turned ON when no rising edge STEP between the input signals. This pin used to set the holding current when motor at HOLD state. Its help reducing the current when motor is not moving and it’s in Holding position.

R4 is associated to control the holding current when motor is in HOLD State, value of R4 to be calculated as per Input Ref voltage, and required holding current, see below formula to calculate the R4

Down Output OFF: VREF=5VXR2/(R1+R2)=0.741V

Down Output On: VREF=5VXR2 (R2IIR4)/(R1+(R2IIR4)=0.126V

Note02 R1 and R2 Divide PR2 and R4=1K

CN8 : 3Pin Header Connector

Auxiliary Power output 5V DC, GND, VDD-Supply Voltage

CN7 : 2 Pin Header Connector

Current Test (Voltage)

Parts List

4A_BIPOLAR_STEPPER_MOTOR_DRIVER_LV8727_BOM

Connections

4A_BIPOLAR_STEPPER_MOTOR_DRIVER_LV8727E_CON

Micro-Stepping Selection

4A_BIPOLAR_STEPPER_MOTOR_DRIVER_LV8727E_MICRO_STEP_SETTING_TABLE

Photos

4A_BIPOLAR_STEPPER_MOTOR_DRIVER_LV8727E_M040B

4A_BIPOLAR_STEPPER_MOTOR_DRIVER_LV8727E_M040C

Video


PCB

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