RIAA Corrector

Gabor Toth   tothgsze@yahoo.co.uk     

228 

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Description

To listen old vinyl LP’s in a correct sounding on a sassy with dynamic cartridge you need a circuit, named RIAA corrector. This circuit you can find in old amps, but it isn’t embedded in home cinema equipments or amplifiers can be obtained nowadays. Also, if you want to archive your vinyl LP’s in your computer it is necessary to use this RIAA corrector. It is good, if this corrector has a little built-in amplifier to drive small control speakers, or earphones. Schematic of circuit ¬†built for this express purpose can be found hier. It has two parts, corrector and amplifier part.

The corrector part contains NE5532 integrated circuit with extreme small noise. Resistors are 1% metal film 0,6W types, condenser’s of this corrector section must be 5% or better, 63 – 100 V types. Corrector section has direct output to external amp or computer. Amplifier section contains integrated amp IC LM1877. It deliver to speakers 2W/channel output power with very low distortion. Potentiometer P1 is for control the output power of the amp section.

The whole circuit works from external 12-16 V DC supply. Schematic, photos and PCB layout of the circuitry can be found attached. Short mathematics description of RIAA curve and basics of LP’s production also can be found in attached document.

Schematic

schematic

Parts List

Photos

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RIAA Curve

LP’s are engraved with reduced bass levels and increased treble levels.

For the same sound level, a low frequency requires a larger groove which gives two drawbacks:

– Less recording time
– Difficulties for the cartridge to follow it and thus, higher distortion

At the other end of the spectrum, the contact between the stylus and the groove makes noise, a high frequency noise. By increasing the high frequencies level during recording we can obtain a better signal/noise ratio as the noise is reduced by the playback curve.

Several other curves did exist before the RIAA but it replaced them completely during the 60′.

Here is the formula to obtain the original RIAA curve:

image_1
Where:

N=level in dB
f=frequency
t1=treble time constant, 75uS
t2=medium time constant, 318uS
t3=bass time constant, 3180uS

In 76′, IEC introduced a modification of this curve by introducing a new time constant that modifies only the extreme bass. It is known as the RIAA/IEC curve.
This correction has never obtained a big success, the original RIAA curve is still the most widely used.
For information, here is the formula:

image_2

Where: t4=extreme bass time constant, 7950uS

The RIAA reproduction curve:

image_3

Hz RIAA IEC
20 19.36 16.35
22 19.24 16.62
25 19.04 16.89
28 18.83 17.04
31 18.61 17.09
35 18.29 17.06
39 17.96 16.95
44 17.54 16.73
49 17.12 16.45
55 16.61 16.07
62 16.02 15.59
70 15.37 15.03
79 14.67 14.40
89 13.93 13.72
100 13.18 13.01
110 12.54 12.39
120 11.94 11.82
130 11.38 11.27
150 10.36 10.28
170 9.46 9.40
190 8.67 8.62
210 7.97 7.93
240 7.04 7.01
270 6.25 6.23
300 5.57 5.55
340 4.80 4.79
380 4.16 4.15
430 3.49 3.48
480 2.93 2.92
540 2.38 2.38
610 1.86 1.86
680 1.43 1.43
760 1.02 1.02
850 0.63 0.63
950 0.26 0.26
1100 -0.23 -0.23
1200 -0.52 -0.52
1300 -0.79 -0.79
1500 -1.31 -1.31
1700 -1.80 -1.80
1900 -2.27 -2.27
2100 -2.73 -2.73
2400 -3.39 -3.39
2700 -4.04 -4.04
3000 -4.65 -4.65
3400 -5.43 -5.43
3800 -6.17 -6.17
4300 -7.02 -7.02
4800 -7.82 -7.82
5400 -8.70 -8.70
6100 -9.64 -9.64
6800 -10.50 -10.50
7600 -11.39 -11.39
8500 -12.30 -12.30
9500 -13.22 -13.22
11000 -14.44 -14.44
12000 -15.17 -15.17
13000 -15.85 -15.85
15000 -17.07 -17.07
17000 -18.14 -18.14
19000 -19.09 -19.09
21000 -19.95 -19.95

 

PCB

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