MCU controlled Bluetooth automation with infrared sensor

mark surel   marksurel@yahoo.com     

474 

image_1

The microcontroller used is 0822 zilog encore! 8k series (soic,28pin) as shown on the figure. Is a programmable microcontroller, the functions used are the GPIO and the UART of the chip. GPIO is used on led indicators, and the UART is used for giving and reading AT COMMANDS to control the Bluetooth device.

The whole process of the circuit, is to control the remote device using the 1st board (controller board), to switch a certain load on/off vice versa. Figure 1 explains how to use the controller and figure 2 explains how it functions according to the user. The user will enable the switches for the loads, then the mcu will give commands to the Bluetooth serial, then the remote device will receive the data, to enable the load.

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figure 1

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figure 2

Controller board

The controller board consists of the Bluetooth device, 0822 zilog encore, the max232 IC for programming, DB9 connector and some components, this board has a built in programmer, so it can be re-programmed any time the user wants to.

schem_of_controller_board

click for high resolution image

D9 and D10 is used to indicate connectivity from the other Bluetooth module(the remote device), it should be in the on condition. If it is not, the reset button can be pressed to make a new connection to the remote device. The max232 IC from maxim, is connected to a switch(DPDT, to make it much more cheaper), for either programming or serial communications in the hyperterminal of the PC. D1-D4 is used to indicate the switch status. D5-D9 is optional, it can be used to indicate the status of the load in the remote device, so the programming will be that easy. The power supply of the controller board consists of 3.1265 volts(LM317) and the LM7805 ic. Vout of the LM317 IC can be achieved by the formula:

image_8

controller_circuit2

Controller board (1st board)

Remote device board

The main function of the remote device is to accept commands from the BTSerial1, or the controller board, via Bluetooth communications. This will turn ON/OFF the loads that is connected to the relays.

schem_of_remote_device_board

Schematic of the remote device board

The whole schematic is included in the rar file, so it will be easy for the others to see the whole schematics.

whole_remote_device

A shot of the whole circuitry of the remote device which includes buzzer, the power supply, the remote device board and the relay drivers for high voltage loads.

Relay board

The function of this relay board is to switch the high voltage loads(220volts), from low voltage signals.. this is connected to the remote device board.

schem_of_relay_board

click for high resolution image

front_panel

The front panel, with 12volts relay to switch high voltage loads.

Infrared sensor

The infrared switch can be used as an alarm to intruders at home. The circuit and the pictures of the sensors, with buzzer are shown below

infrared_is_on

Infrared casing

sensor_case

Infrared is on, not visible to the human eye

with_buzzer

With the buzzer

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The circuit of the op-amp, using a simple comparator. To drive a relay, which will also drive the 12volts buzzer. buzzer The infrared switch can be used as an alarm to intruders at home. The process of the whole circuit is like a simple switch, but uses infrared, that, If the signal from the infrared transmitter is blocked, the buzzer will turn on, this will serve as a simple alarm that can have many useful applications. The whole circuit components are soldered directly, without PCB.

Photos

back_picture

bottom_pcb

controller_circuit

whole_prototype

PCB

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