The National Semiconductors that now belongs to Texas Instruments in 2002 brought together a large collection of circuits using operational amplifiers, are 33 pages of practical circuits with op amps, with formulas for calculations, and can adapt to your design with operational amplifiers. All together in Application Note 31 of the National Semiconductors.
Op Amp Circuit Collection - [Link]
Everyone interested in analog electronics should find some value in this book, and an effort has been made to make the material understandable to the relative novice while not too boring for the practicing engineer. Special effort has been taken to ensure that each chapter can stand alone for the reader with the proper background. Of course, this causes redundancy that some people might find boring, but it’s worth the price to enable the satisfaction of a diversified audience.
Texas Instrument – Op Amps For Everyone - [Link]
Our microprocessor reference sheet has been a great success and a valuable resource for many DIY hackers out there. We are proud to introduce an updated version, a second page with ATMegaXX4/Sanguino and a brand new
electronics reference sheet.
We now also have the reference sheet in bigger resolutions suitable for printing on both A4 and A3 paper.
New electronics reference sheet - [Link]
One of the joys of working with basic digital electronics– and logic gate ICs in particular –is that it almost works like building with a set of Lego blocks: One output goes here, which connects to the next input here, and so forth until it does what you wanted.
If you’ve played with chips like these, you’ve probably also come across chips with “open collector” outputs. And if not, they’re worth knowing about. Open-collector outputs form the basis of a number of clever tricks for level-shifting and interfacing between different types of logic, and from logic to other types of electronic circuits.
In what follows, we’ll work with the SN7407N, which is one of the most basic ICs with open-collector outputs. We’ll discuss what it means to have “open collector” outputs, and show some of the different ways that they are used.
Basics: Open Collector Outputs - [Link]
Learning to design your own PCBs and being able to put together a schematic to solve a specific problem is both a valuable and rewarding skill. There are a number of resources out there to help you avoid common mistakes, but it isn’t always obvious to know where the values of certain common components come from, particularly common parts like resistors and capacitors. Figuring this out is part of the learning process, but it isn’t always easy to know where to look since you first need to know exactly the right terms to search for.
Choosing the Right Crystal and Caps for your Design - [Link]
Analog Devices (who have a lot of great app notes locked up in their stable) have made available in PDF format enough good information and reading material to keep you busy for the rest of the winter while you wait for warm enough weather that you want to step outside again. Their Linear Circuit Design Handbook has a lot of excellent material, and can also be ordered in printed format if you’re still a fan of a good old highlighter and notes in the margin like me.
Linear Circuit Design Handbook - [Link]
Bypass capacitors ensure a device has a stable and clean power supply. In most cases capacitors are chosen out of habit, such as the typical 0.1uF ceramic capacitor we use.
This app note describes how calculate, model, and use different types of bypass capacitors. Included is a table with all the relevant information on different types of capacitors, and a few examples of different circuits that need different bypass capacitors.
App note: Choosing and using bypass capacitors - [Link]
Here’s Jeri Ellsworth’s latest video, explaining the basics of DSP and SDR for beginners, and how to build a digital direct conversion receiver (SDR) using sampling detectors and FPGA DSP processing. (If you want to skip the silly cat portion of the video, start at 1:25.) [via]
DSP/SDR basics - [Link]
Hang around any electrical engineer long enough, and you’re bound to hear the word inductance tossed around. Or perhaps if you’re hanging around people dealing with high-speed signals, an ugly little thing called “cross talk” might get mentionned a lot (hint: it has nothing to do with speaking in an angry voice to your troublesome PCB, or any uncomfortable attempt to proselytize it and save it from eternal damnation in a lake of molten solder). If you’ve ever wondered what either of these terms mean (and how they’re related), you might find it worthwhile reading this relatively accessible ‘app note’ of sorts explaining what inductance is and why it matters: What Really is Inductance? (by Dr. Eric Bogatin)
What Really is Inductance? - [Link]
Basics: Introduction to Zener Diodes @ Evil Mad Scientist Laboratories – [via]
Zener diodes are a special type of semiconductor diode– devices that allow current to flow in one direction only –that also allow current to flow in the opposite direction, but only when exposed to enough voltage. And while that sounds a bit esoteric, they’re actually among the handiest components ever to cross an engineer’s bench, providing great solutions to a number of common needs in circuit design.
In what follows, we’ll show you how (and when) to use a Zener, for applications including simple reference voltages, clamping signals to specific voltage ranges, and easing the load on a voltage regulator.
Basics: Introduction to Zener Diodes - [Link]