by DIY Hacks and How Tos @ instructables.com:
Winter is coming. So it is time to make preparations. If you live in a colder climate, you need to be concerned about the possibility of your pipes freezing. There are a lot of preventative measures that you can take such as insulating your pipes and leaving the water dripping. But for a little extra peace of mind, I designed a simple alarm that will notify me if the pipes are getting too cold and are in danger of freezing.
Frozen Pipe Alarm - [Link]
Water Level Alarm is a simple project to detect and alarm once the water level in tank or Aquarium reaches at certain level. Circuit is based on popular NPN transistor BC547 which act as switch, Sensor also made on PCB, when the water reaches the sensor PCB, base of transistor connected to positive supply, in consequence transistor act as switch and activate the buzzer.
Water Level Alarm - [Link]
by Martin @ harizanov.com:
I purchased a battery operated smoke/fire alarm few days ago and it showed up today. It runs on 9V and will make a loud sound if smoke is detected. My intention was to hook it up with my home automation system so that I would receive alert if it would go off including SMS, pushbullet notification to my phone, email etc.
The Funky v1 is ideal for the purpose because it is really flat/tiny and would fit inside the alarm. It will tap into the piezo siren and sleep until the siren is activated. Upon activation, it will make a wireless transmission to my home automation system (Raspberry Pi running Node-Red) for further processing and alerting me on my phone.
DIY Internet of Things Fire Alarm - [Link]
This Photodiode based Alarm can be used to give a warning alarm when someone passes through a protected area. The circuit is kept standby through a laser beam or IR beam focused on to the Photodiode. When the beam path breaks, alarm will be triggered. The circuit uses a PN Photodiode in the reverse bias mode to detect light intensity. In the presence of Laser / IR rays, the Photodiode conducts and provides base bias to T1.
The NPN transistor T1 conducts and takes the reset pin 4 of IC1 to ground potential. IC1 is wired as an Astable oscillator using the components R3, VR1 and C3. The Astable operates only when its reset pin becomes high. When the Laser / IR beam breaks, current through the Photodiode ceases and T1 turns off. The collector voltage of T1 then goes high and enables IC1. The output pulses from IC1 drives the speaker and alarm tone will be generated.
A simple IR transmitter circuit is given which uses Continuous IR rays. The transmitter can emit IR rays up to 5 meters if the IR LEDs are enclosed in black tubes.
555 Photodiode alarm - [Link]
Markus Gritsch build another bedside table alarm clock, the schematic and source code is available here:
recently some vintage bubble displays popped up at various places , so I felt the urge to build another bedside table alarm clock, this time a really tiny one, roughly the size of an AAA battery.
Bubble display alarm clock - [Link]
hertzgamma @ instructables.com writes:
This instructables will show you how to make an alarm system that will beep a buzzer if you leave the fridge door opened for a long time to remind to you to close the door. All new fridges on the market have this option built in, but some may want to upgrade their old fridges.
Fridge Door Detector Alarm - [Link]
We are always vulnerable to thieves but we don’t know when will they strike. When they do, it will be too late for us to notice that our property was already taken. This project helps alert the owner if a thief is picking a lock. It can be used on doors, luggage or anything else with a lock.
The concept is simple, if the lock is opened without our consent, an alarm will be turned on indicating an intruder. This circuit is based on a NAND gates configuration that will turn the switching side on or off.
In this project we used the HEF4011B, a quad 2-input NAND gate. The outputs are fully buffered for the highest noise immunity and pattern insensitivity to output impedance. The configuration of the IC HEF4011B produces a HIGH output if the input is HIGH. Based on the figure, when the wire loop is closed, the IC HEF4011B will have a LOW input, and when the wire loop is triggered, the IC HEF4011B will have a HIGH input which will make its output also HIGH. The HIGH output of the IC HEF4011B will then be inputted to the base of the BC547 transistor allowing the current to flow on the relay switching the indicator or the buzzer ON.
- HEF4011B quad 2-input NAND gate
- BC547 transistor
- 1N4007 diode
- 1kΩ resistor
- 4.7kΩ resistor
- 0.1µF capacitor
- 5V dc power source
Anti-theft Security Alarm Circuit – [Link]
An IR detector that sounds a buzzer when an IR beam is broken, meaning the IR signal is lost. A pulsed IR signal generator is necessary, but not included in this post. This project would be ideal for doorways or hallways to alert when someone enters or exits an area.
The IR sensor responds to pulsed IR, not ambient or continuous IR. This means that another transmitter project is necessary in order to complete this one! Note though that some forms of lighting like fluorescent lighting may interfere with the sensor. For convenience, the the buzzer is internally driven so that a only Vdc is needed to make a sound. In this case, the IR sensor senses 38kHz pulsed infrared light.
Pin 3 of the IR sensor is actually low (0V) while receiving a signal. When the sensor is blocked from receiving the IR signal, the sensor outputs a high signal to the comparator, which then allows current through the LED/Buzzer circuit, and alerting you that the beam is broken. In the Scheme-It drawing the LM311 IC is a grouping of three components, in a functional block diagram style, to show how it functions in the circuit beyond what the pinouts would show normally.
IR Beam Breaker Alarm Circuit - [Link]
T.K. Hareendran writes:
All items stored in a deep freezer will thaw out if, for some reason, the temperature inside the freezer rises to the thaw point. However, a freezer monitor alarm can warn you of the rising temperature before the thaw point is reached.
This simple circuit is powered by regulated 9V and built around a few discrete components that are readily available in the market. Current consumption of the circuit is only a few milliamperes in idle state. So you can also use a 9V 6F22/PP3 type compact battery for powering the circuit.
Freezer Monitor Alarm - [Link]