A team of scientists at the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience at Delft University has achieved what may represent a limit in information storage density by creating a memory in which a single bit is represented by a single atom. By Graham Prophet @ edn-europe.com:
Specifically, the team created a 1 kByte memory array where each bit is represented by the (physical) position of one single chlorine atom. This equates to 500 Terabits per square inch (Tbpsi), 500 times better than the best commercial hard disk currently available. The team, led by the Institute’s Sander Otte, reported their work in Nature Nanotechnology on Monday July 18, 2016.
Information storage at one atom per bit; a 1kB atomic memory – [Link]