In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to burn Arduino bootloader on a new ATmega328 using USBasp ISP programmer. Every Arduino Uno Board comes with a microcontroller called the Atemga328P, and they are already pre-program with Arduino Bootloader firmware. Therefore, there is no need to burn Arduino bootloader into those Atmega328P chips again. Here, we will be focusing on burning the Arduino bootloader on an off the shelf Atmega328 chip so that you could make your own DIY Arduino board or deploy your Arduino-based circuit to a printed circuit board.
NOTE – The bootloader is the little program that runs when you turn the Arduino on or press the reset button. It’s main function is to wait for the Arduino IDE on your computer to send a new program, which then is written to Arduino memory.
- USBasp Programmer
- Bread Board
- 2pcs 22pf Cap
- 16MHz Crystal
- 10K Resistor
- Hook up wire
- AVRdude Software
- Circuit Connection
First of all wire up the circuit in breadboard as shown in below diagram. Please connect all the connections carefully.
In above circuit JP1 is where USBasp programmer is connected. Connect all the wires carefully as per above diagram using a jumper wire.
If you wire up your circuit correctly then it’s time to load hex file which is located in your Arduino software folder. Here is the complete path for Arduino 1.x in windows – C:\Program Files (x86)\Arduino\hardware\arduino\avr\bootloaders\optiboot\optiboot_atmega328.hex you can also download from here optiboot_atmega328
Open the AVRdude software and select programmer type from the drop-down list shown in below image. In our case programmer is the USBasp programmer.
After detecting microcontroller, it’s time to read fuse bits and lock bits. As shown in below screenshot click on “Read.” Make sure you don’t write wrong fuse bits, otherwise your microcontroller will stop working.
The default value of fuse bit.
- LOW Fuse : 0x62
- HIGH Fuse : 0xD9
- Extended : 0x07
- LOCK :0xFF
To configure the Atmega328 for use with Arduino Uno boards, set the fuse settings as below:
- LOW Fuse=0xFF
- HIGH Fuse=0xDE
- Extended Fuses=0x05
Under Flash, browse the hex file optiboot_atmega328.hex which you downloaded previously, select the file and click “Open.”
Now click on “Program!” button. It will take about 30 seconds; You can now use your cheap ATMega328 microcontroller as a regular Arduino.